The Life and Studies of Sigmund Freud
Sigmund Freud is one of the most famous people throughout the history of psychology. Even though Freud was not the first person to do research on the conscious and unconscious mind, his work in psychoanalytical research on the subject is considered to be one of the most important theories done on the subject. Besides his theory on the conscious and unconscious mind, Freud came up with important theories on life and death instincts, the defense mechanism, the id, ego, superego, and psychosexual developments. Freud’s researches in these areas were some of the most important theories developed in psychology. Although many psychologists seem to look down ...view middle of the document...
Freud’s theory on instinct was that a person has not only one instinct, but rather two, which consist of the life instinct and the death instinct. The life instinct is basically a person’s everyday needs, such as needing food and water. The life instinct is also something that creates that desire to have sex and will to go out and do things that are pleasing. Besides having the life instinct, a person also has what is called a death instinct. This is the desire to one day die, and escape the stress of everything. This idea is basically that feeling that everyone has when they want to leave the world of reality, and finally let everything go. People may try to receive this feeling early through things like alcohol and other drugs, which can create a short-term period of escaping reality. In other words the death instinct is basically that final step where a person can finally rest in peace. (Boeree)
Freud’s theory on psychosexual developments is one that discusses how one’s personality develops through certain stages in his or her life. This theory consists of five different stages of life, which are all critical for a child to live a normal life. Although this theory is very controversial, it is still one of the most famous theories for explaining the development of a person’s personality. (2. Wagner)
The first of these stages is the oral stage. During this stage an infant generally becomes fixated on sucking his or her thumb. This gives them a feeling of comfort, because they are normally used to getting food from his or her mom. As the child starts to get older, the weaning process begins to develop, and the child must begin to become less dependent upon his or her mother. If a child becomes to attached, and continues to be fed too much or too little, then the infant could suffer from psychological damage. These generally cause a person to develop problems with drinking, smoking, and nail biting. (2. Wagner)
The next stage that occurs in a child’s life is the anal stage. During this stage a child is begging to learn how to control his or her bladder movements. This is when they begin their toilet training. This stage is critical in a child’s life, and can greatly affect how he or she acts later on. If a parent is too lenient in this stage, then the child will begin to become messy. If they are too strict, then the child will become obsessive, orderly, or rigid. However, if a parent does this stage correctly, maybe by rewarding the child for doing it right, then the child will begin to have a...