Literature Review

879 words - 4 pages

A number of studies conducted suggest mentoring has taken the lead as the most sought after form of intervention for high risk youth (Miller, Barnes, Miller, McKinnon, 2013; Allison et al., 2011; Spencer, Collins, Ward, and Smashnaya, 2010; Williams, 2011). Such programs are devoted to reducing risk (Allison et al.. 2011) of youth violence, reentry, and delinquency ( Williams, 2011).Though mentoring methods have been the focus of recent research, there is many gaps left in current literature that proclaim more study is needed (Miller, Barnes, Miller, McKinnon, 2013) in order to inform programs, and researchers regarding effective methods.

Evidence Based Practices versus Science Based ...view middle of the document...

(2012) suggest risky behaviors are merely a sign of toughness that helps them to adapt within their environment. Youth are seen are vulnerable yet dangerous, though no fault of their own, they become products of that environment. Such behaviors provide protection so to speak, so as to make the best out of a bad situation. The environment, experiences, and culture may cause mental instability, thus leading to risky behaviors. In other words behavior problems could be a sign of mental health problems, and would be best dealt with in that aspect, but shouldn’t deny the youth of services. Williams (2011) draws a conclusion based on a randomized study evaluating EBP in mentoring programs, using cognitive behavioral techniques with 8-12 year olds at a community mental health center (pg. 64). Youth assigned to mentoring programs, showed significant improvement, reporting better problem solving ability and fewer externalizing or behavior problems (Williams, 2011, pg. 65); proving mentoring can improve behavior.

Merenstein et al. (2011) urges the need to get involved with high risked youth. The emotional and psychological toil that negative environmental factors can cause based on a number of variables within their lives, prompt immediate attention. Existing evidence suggest system involved youth will face psychosocial (Spencer, Collins, Ward, Smashnaya, 2010), emotional problems (Miller, Barnes, Miller, McKinnon, 2013), and significant life challenges (Williams, 2011), all in which mentoring programs have mastered according to recent studies (Williams, 2011; Merenstein et al., 2011; Spencer, Collins, Ward, Smashnaya, 2010; Miller, Barnes, Miller, McKinnon, 2013).

A Collaborative Approach

System involved youth are those who are either in the juvenile justice system, or under community supervision (Williams, 2011). These youth need the support their lacking in order to build a healthy future. It’s important that all parties involved...

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