Literature Review

2519 words - 11 pages

The Main Reasons of the War in August 2008

Literature Review
Course: Academic Writing

December 22, 2014

There are lots of unsolved conflicts in contemporary world, among which is the issue of so called South Ossetia Region. As new government of Georgia came in to the power in 2004, territorial integrity became one of the major concerns to be solved. At that time the majority of Georgian society thought that integrity issue would be solved in the peaceful manner. However, since then, events developed in such way that in August 2008 military conflict launched in South Ossetia. The nature of this conflict had significant implications for regional and international ...view middle of the document...

Article also briefly defines relations between countries in Caucasus region and their inter-dependence on each other and mostly on Russia. As it is mentioned “although Georgia became independent after the breakup of the Soviet Union, ties with Russia remain strong. Russia managed to keep Georgia in its sphere of influence precisely through hotbeds (like Abkhazia and South Ossetia) of tension and economic dependence. However after Saakashvili rise to power, Georgia took a sharp turn towards the West, which certainly angered Russia.” Author argues that Russia knows that Georgia’s integration in to NATO is under the question mark while country has unsolved domestic problems. And this point was also somehow declared during Bucharest summit in April 2008. So this was the impetus for Russia to keep the issues of conflicted regions unsolved.
Analyzing interests of west and Russia, in his article “The Russo-Georgian war and the balance of power” George Friedman notes that “Russians welcomed the opportunity to drive home the new reality, which was that they could invade Georgia and the West could not respond.” Author claims that Russians did not view the invasion as risky because they new that Europeans and Americans needed Russia more than Russians needed them.
He also mentions two motives why Russia invaded. First is the ignorance of Russia’s request not to be given formal independence to Kosovo. And due to this reason “Russians decided to respond where they had all the cards: in South Ossetia”. The more important was second motive. Putin considered the fall of Soviet Union as a situation in which Russian national security was threatened by the Western interest and these interests were in connection with NATO enlargement.
Friedman verifies that Putin wanted to re-established the Russian sphere of influence in the former Soviet Union region and for this he had to do two things. First to re-establish the credibility of the Russian army as a fighting force; second had to establish that NATO membership meant nothing in the face of Russian power. Author points out that as Putin did not wanted to confront NATO directly, Georgia was the “perfect choice” and by invading Georgia, Russia established the credibility of the Russian army and proved that American guarantees have no value.
Greg Jentzsch expresses interesting viewpoint in the article “What are the main causes of the conflict in South Ossetia and how can they best be addressed to promote lasting peace”. Listing several approaches that defines the main reasons of the conflict, argues that no single theory can be adequately explain the causes of the South Ossetia conflict. However he points out remarkable sight that Russian involvement in South Ossetia can be seen as a cause of the conflicts protraction and not as a root of it. “Given that Russia’s military involvement in Georgia has served to prolong conflict in South Ossetia, Russian motives behind intervention can also be seen as causal factors...

Other Essays Like Literature Review

Review of Literature

1305 words - 6 pages the community (Richard, et al., 2010). Review of Literature: Health Promotion 3 Nurses make up the largest population of healthcare workers that provide direct care to patients, therefore they have a critical role in educating the patient to improve health (Hosseini, Torab, Taghdisi, & Vardanjani, 2013). Nursing roles in health promotion include education on disease prevention, slowing or stopping disease progression, and changes in

Literature Review of Xbrl

5528 words - 23 pages | Literature Review of XBRL | | | | | Group 14: | | | Literature Review of XBRL ------------------------------------------------- Z Abstract XBRL (eXtensible Business Reporting Language) is a standard XML reporting language to enhance the efficiency, reliability and accuracy of financial reporting. Since its foundation in 1998, XBRL has been developing rapidly in the world. This paper teases out and discusses the literature

Information System Literature Review

2549 words - 11 pages Information System Literature Review Team A University of Phoenix Information System Literature Review Paper Over the last 10-15 years, the gaming industry has come an extraordinary long ways in development and growth. This particular industry continues to grow and improve from year to year. The newest generations have come from board games, to video games, and finally computer games. The computer games have developed from two

Literature Review on Lms

2339 words - 10 pages Chapter two (C) Literature Review This chapter discusses related works in the area of E-voting system. It also brought to light some gaps which are required to be filled up in this respect. [1.8] Background First of all, voting entails a democratic apparatus used to enthrone democratic leaders and in some quarters it is regarded as one of the most effective methods for individuals to express their opinions on a given topic (Chaum

Rsch 202 Literature Review Paper

975 words - 4 pages maintainable condition with aircraft. Proper work and strong mechanical skills are needed. An airplane cannot just pull over in the clouds if an issue is suspected. This needs to be taken serious and stop with the shortcuts. A brief literature review According to an article posted by Matthew Bauman, there was a Naval Aviation Maintenance Program implemented in 1959 to help reduce the Class A. accidents (Bauman, 2013). Class A. accidents are those

Desulfurization of Kerosene Literature Review

1732 words - 7 pages ABU GODWIN ITAKPE PSC0904473 TOPIC: DESULPHURIZATION OF KEROSENE LITERATURE REVIEW INTRODUCTION Refining of crude oil to final products requires desulphurization of the oil. Fuel specifications that govern transportation fuels have over the years become increasingly stringent with respect to sulphur content. Many petrochemical products are likewise produced to be almost sulphur-free. The removal of sulphur from oil is consequently one of the

Literature Review of Operations Improvement

3776 words - 16 pages Portsmouth Business School Principles Of Operations & Marketing Management (U20590) Student number 671740 Table of Contents Part One: Literature Review 3 Performance Measurement 3 Performance Objectives 3 Performance Standards 4 Benchmarking 4 Four Pitfalls In Performance Measurement 5 Approaches to improvement 6 PDCA Cycle 6 DMAIC cycle 8 Part Two: Case Study --- Toyota 12 Continuous Improvement 12 TPS

Supply Chain Management Literature Review

5319 words - 22 pages Supply Chain Management Literature Review This literature review of Supply Chain Management will go into an in-depth analysis of what defines the term, past practices, technologies used, current and future practices and the implementation and sustainment of supply chain management. Supply Chain Management has become one of the most focused upon aspects of an organization over the last

Review of Related Literature Food Industry

1158 words - 5 pages REVIEW OF LITERATURE OF FAST FOOD INDUSTRY Previous Research on fast food Industry has shown us a light in this project: The Research done by UCLA Anderson assistant professor Raphael Thomadsen. He presented the result in the paper entitled, ³Seeking an Aggressive Competitor: How Product Line Expansion Can Increase All Firms¶ Profits.´ According to him, if a McDonald¶s and a Burger King compete in the center of a small town, and a Burger King

Literature Review

1402 words - 6 pages W6 Annotated bibliography Leopoldo Reyes Carballo University of Phoenix Annotated Bibliography Adler, P. S. (1988). Managing Flexible Automation. California Management Review, 30(3), 34-56. Retrieved from EBSCOhost. This is a good overview article from a well-known, management specialized school that focuses on the management of technology. The Author considers the point of view of practicing managers about managing flexible

Literature Review

2476 words - 10 pages Toba Tek Singh Two or three years after Partition, the governments of Pakistan and India decided to exchange lunatics in the same way that they had exchanged civilian prisoners. In other words, Muslim lunatics in Indian madhouses would be sent to Pakistan, while Hindu and Sikh lunatics in Pakistani madhouses would be handed over to India. I can't say whether this decision made sense or not. In any event, a date for the lunatic exchange was

Related Papers

Literature Review

2821 words - 12 pages Cross-Cultural Training Introduction An accelerated rate of globalisation in the last few decades has meant many businesses are expanding on an international scale and are therefore sending more and more expatriates on assignments abroad. Due to this increase, human resources has had a more integral role to play in operations. This literature review will examine the international human resource function of preparing expatriates for

Literature Review

1246 words - 5 pages Literature Review BSHS 435 January 18 2016 Literature Review As a team, we chose to complete our literature review on what the effects are that a behavioral specialist has on the behavioral control for the mentally disabled. Often times the mentally disabled will see a behavioral specialists in hopes that the professional can help that patient control their behaviors and learn how to be as "normal" as possible in society, although

Literature Review 1441 Words

1441 words - 6 pages Literature Review Journal #1 Title: Behaving Intelligently - Leadership Traits and Characteristics By Kristina G. Ricketts, Community and Leadership Development Most individuals would consider these people to be some of the greatest leaders of all time. In the early 20th century, leadership traits were studied to determine what made certain people great leaders. Common thoughts of leadership back then suggested that leaders were born and not

Literature Review 2180 Words

2180 words - 9 pages This review of the historical background has two starting points – the northern European tradition and the North American tradition. The northern European includes countries such as the Scandinavian countries, the former West-Germany and the Netherlands. The North American tradition includes countries such as the United States, Canada, the United Kingdom and the Pacific Rim cities such as Tokyo, Hong Kong etc. This division into two traditions