The term Line of Control (LOC) known as Asia's Berlin wall refers to the military control line between the Indian and Pakistani-controlled parts of the former princely state of Jammu and Kashmir—a line which, to this day, does not constitute a legally recognized international boundary but is the de facto border. Originally known as the "Cease-fire Line", it was redesignated as the "Line of Control" following the Simla Agreement, which was signed on 3 July 1972. The part of the former princely state that is under Indian control is known as the State of Jammu and Kashmir. The two parts of the former princely state that are under ...view middle of the document...
In 1947-8 India and Pakistan fought their first war over Jammu and Kashmir. Under United Nations' supervision, they agreed to a ceasefire along a line which left one-third of the state - comprising what Pakistan calls Azad Jammu and Kashmir, and the Northern Areas administered by Pakistan and two-thirds, Jammu, Ladakh and the Kashmir Valley, administered by India. In 1972, under the terms of the Simla agreement, the ceasefire line was renamed the Line of Control. Although India claims that the entire state is part of India, it has been prepared to accept the Line of Control as the international border, with some possible modifications but Pakistan do not accepted that. In 1965 India and Pakistan fight a border war along the India-West Pakistan border and the Line of Control in Kashmir. In Muzaffarabad: Dozens of women from Neelum Valley gathered in front of District Headquarters Athmuqam on Tuesday to protest against the unprovoked firing of Indian Army on the Line of Control (Loc) .The protesters carried placards inscribed with slogans such as ‘we want peace’. The women protesters said the people of Azad Jammu and Kashmir (AJK) are proponents of peace and do not want war with our neighbors. They urged the global community to pressure India to halt its ceasefire violation on the LoC.
Here are some basic facts about the Line of Control:
* The Line of Control (LOC) runs 742km (460 miles) dividing Indian- and Pakistan-controlled Kashmir, and acts as part of the de facto border between the two countries. The military frontline, which runs through inhospitable environment, has separated hundreds of families and even divided villages and mountains.
* The LOC is rooted in the ceasefire lines drawn up after the first India-Pakistan war in 1947-8. It was formally established in 1972, after a third war between India and Pakistan in 1971.
* The LOC has been a flashpoint between the two nuclear-armed countries since its foundation. Their forces have exchanged gunfire across the line for years.
* In 2002, India and Pakistan came close to another war after gunmen attacked the Indian parliament in December 2001. Around 1 million troops were assembled along the LOC at the height of the crisis.
* In 2004, Indian army engineers fenced off most of the LOC in what is seen as an ambitious attempt to curb the influx of Muslim militants.
* A ceasefire in 2003 led to peace talks and improved ties. In 2005, a limited bus service was set up to carry passengers across the LOC from Srinagar, Indian Kashmir's summer capital, to Muzaffarabad, the capital of Pakistani Kashmir.
* After a massive earthquake hit Kashmir in...