Logical Fallacies Essay

917 words - 4 pages

Logical Fallacies
American InterContinental University - Online
PHIL201-1204A-02
October 20, 2012
Earl Barnett

Logical Fallacies
Fallacies are statements that might sound reasonable or sketchily true but are actually weak or dishonest. I will discuss and give me interpretation of some common logical fallacies.
Mere Assertion & Circular Reasoning
Mere Assertion is an argument that lacks factual support. It’s merely an opinion that is formed more so by belief then logical evidence. For example, “Robert is a vampire; I can feel his cold blood when I touch him.” This argument has no real logic behind it, only reasoning that makes sense to the person stating it.
Circular ...view middle of the document...

Case in point at our family reunion an inappropriate comment was made by my cousin to my sister about having too many children at a young age. The comment left everyone silent and my sister in anger. So to lighten up the mood in the room I made a joke about the falcons. This topic was unrelated and confused everyone on what was going. I made it easier for the reunion to continue and for everyone forget about the rude comment that was made.
Pseudo-Questions & False Cause
Pseudo-Questions are questions that cannot be answered. These questions are unanswerable simply because they cannot be supported with evidence. They are meant to be discussed with opinions only and any other method of solving it is impossible. A popular pseudo question is “If a tree falls in a forest and no one is around to hear it. Does it make a sound?” The question states that no one is around which makes it impossible to know if it makes a sound or not. Therefore no one can really answer this question.
False Cause happens when one wrongly assumes that two or more events are related simply because they occur in order. This is caused by “ignoring the possibility that there may be a common cause to both things happening, or that the two things in question have no causal relationship at all and their apparent connection is just a coincidence.” (www.yourlogicalfallacyis.com)
For instance, last year a young man was shot and killed. He led the police on a high speed chase and when they finally stop him they asked him to come out with his hands up. While getting out of the car his zipper got stuck on the door. As he reached to detach it the policemen assumed he was reaching for a gun...

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