Lutheranism against Catholicism
In 1517, Pope Leo X issued indulgences for people to buy so he could raise money for the construction of St. Peter's Basilica. AnÂ indulgenceÂ is the extra, sacramental remission of the temporal punishment due, that would allow a soul to be forgiven and be saved from purgatory or hell. Furthermore that year Martin Luther penned a document attacking the Catholic Churchâ€™s practice of selling indulgences to absolve sin by nailing 95 Theses to the church door in Wittenberg that explained why their practices were wrong. The Pope excommunicated Luther, which cut him off from receiving any of the churchâ€™s sacraments. The Catholic Church would not change any of its theology or practice. To reform the Catholic Church, Luther would have to build his principles known as Lutheranism into a new church, and that church, the Lutheran Church, would bear his name. Both Lutheranism and Catholicism ...view middle of the document...
Â It is maintained by good works and participation in the sacraments.Â If lost, it is regained through the sacrament of Penance which only a Roman Catholic priest can administer. Penance, is a Christian sacrament in which a member of the Church confesses sins to a priest and is given absolution as an outward expression of repentance for having done wrong.
Furthermore, the religious authority was another big difference between the two congregations. In Lutheranism, the Lutherans believe that the main sole religious authority for Christian matters was the Bible. A member of the clergy known as a minister would explain the Bible in the language of the people. In addition since Luther did translate the Bible, the people would now be able to read the bible for themselves to learn what God wants from them since they are the ones that have to forgive themselves according to Luther. Contrarily, Catholics believed that the ultimate authority of religion was the Pope who is the head of the Catholic Church along with the clergy involving members such as the bishops and priests. With this establishment the belief of the church was under the current Pope and the upcoming ones decision on what they believe, being able to change a belief or set of beliefs held and taught by a church.
Nonetheless during that timeÂ a treaty between Charles V and alliance of the Lutherans was signed known as the Peace of Augsburg where in the future no ruler in the empire should make war against another on religious grounds and that this peace should remain operative until the churches were peacefully reunited. Two churches were mainly recognized, the Roman Catholic and the Lutherans. Moreover, in each territory of the empire, only one church was to be recognized with the religion of the rulerâ€™s choice being thus made obligatory for his subjects. Any who adhered to the other church could migrate to a territory where that denomination was recognized. Ultimately this soon changed the course of western civilization by changing the way people thought about religion. There was no longer one church everyone belonged to.