M.D. Education System Characteristics Essay

985 words - 4 pages

Econ 410
Homework 2
September 5th, 2010
M.D. Education System Characteristics
One of the most difficult processes an undergraduate student can undergo is the application experience for medical school education. The requirements are difficult for a reason. Medical school education requires highly motivated individuals with highly intelligent academic capabilities and highly competitive personalities to survive the rigorous educational process.
Admission into medical school may not technically require completion of a previous degree, but applicants are usually required to complete at least 3 years of "pre-med" courses at the university level because in the US ...view middle of the document...

Pre-clinical study generally comprises the first two years and consists of classroom and laboratory instruction in core subjects such as anatomy, biochemistry, physiology, pharmacology, histology, embryology, microbiology, pathology, and neurosciences. Clinical component usually comprises of first hand interaction with the patients in a hospital and observations under the supervision of a physician.
Time Span: 4 years
Internship- This is done in the last year of undergraduate medical education. Students apply for postgraduate residencies in their chosen field of specialization.
Time Span: 1 year
Residency- Soon to be doctors practice their specialties in this period. The time span ranges from three years after medical school for internal medicine to five years for surgery to seven to eight years for neurosurgery.
Time span: 3-7 years
Fellowship- Highly specialized fields in the medical sector require advanced and formal training beyond residency, so medical students spend one to three years doing the fellowship.
Time span: 1-3 years.
Board Certification- Students who complete their residency and possibly a fellowship have to pass a written and an oral exam in their specialty in order to become board certified.
Time span: As long as it takes to pass the exams
Medical school applicants should have a strong background in math and science, especially biology, general chemistry, organic chemistry, and physics. Being a doctor also requires good people skills, and a liberal arts background is important, too, including courses in humanities and social sciences.
On average, 96 percent of all U.S. medical school students graduate with an M.D. within 10 years of entering medical school. By comparison, nationally 62 percent of those who begin a postgraduate program will complete within 10 years.
Radiology and Anesthiology are highly appealing specialties where the starting salary is 10 times that of a public school teacher. In the last two decades, specialties like family care, pediatrics and internal medicine are suffering due to the vast gap in salaries compared to the previous mentioned options.
Unlike many other countries, US medical students...

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