Macromastia And The Effects Of Breast Reduction

1560 words - 7 pages

Macromastia and the Effects of Breast Reduction

Day after day, night after night there are women who walk around in excruciating pain due to a condition known as macromastia. These women are literally carrying an enormous amount of weight on their shoulders which they deal with it all the time. Most are unable to go for a jog or run after their children when they take them outside to play; some cannot even sleep on their backs at night because they feel as if they are suffocating due to the excessive weight on their chest. This condition, macromastia, is the abnormal largeness of the mammary glands also known as the female breast. This condition can be treated and relieve so ...view middle of the document...

The cost of this procedure can vary widely from one physician to another with the average cost ranging from $5,000 to $7,000 dollars and is not covered by most insurance companies because in most cases it is considered a cosmetic surgery. In 2007 the national average cost of a breast reduction for women was $5,429 (Cost of Breast Reduction 2007). Insurance companies will pay for reconstructive surgery, which breast reduction can fall under only if strict guidelines are met. Cole (2007) states, “that insurance coverage is often denied to those who would experience significant health benefits from breast reductions”. There are several scientific studies that show the benefits of breast reduction surgery as well as the medical necessity of this procedure. Regardless of the studies each year thousands of women are denied the procedure because of insurance companies’ strict guidelines. Many patients and doctors consider the guidelines to be rigid and unfounded.
In order for a breast mammaplasty procedure to be covered by health insurance there are very strict guidelines that have to be met. Most health insurance companies set limits on what a patients weight should be for there height and expect patients to meet these limits before the procedure is even considered. Weight limits are poorly associated with relief of the symptoms of macromastia (Bermant 1994).Cole (2007) states that, “Currently, most insurance carriers refuse to cover breast reductions procedures in which less than 500 grams of tissue per breast are removed”. In the article Guidelines for Medical Necessity Determination for Breast Reduction (2005) it is also stated that “A surgical treatment plan that outlines the amount of tissue to be removed from each breast” is needed before the procedure can be approved thus reinforcing Cole’s statement about the limits on tissue removal. The problem with these limits depends on the patient’s body type, less than 500 grams of tissue removed may offer and important reduction in pain and offer significant quality-of life benefits to smaller-framed women. Bermant (1994) states that “The amount of tissue removed should not be the exclusive criterion for determining the intent of the operation.” Many patients have trouble losing weight because they are unable to participate in physical activities that would benefit their body type. This makes it almost impossible to meet the weight guidelines for the individual’s height in order for the procedure to be covered. Every individuals body and body type differ that is why insurance companies should consider covering the procedure based on documentation provided by a physician requesting the procedure for their patient.
Some patients who suffer from macromastia and are denied coverage of the breast reduction procedure by their health insurance company undergo many medical ailments. Most individuals make many visits to chiropractors to help relieve the pain and some...

Other Essays Like Macromastia and the Effects of Breast Reduction

The Effects Of Child Abuse And Neglect

2272 words - 10 pages abused and neglected by people that are suppose to be the closest to them. There are many signs and effects of abuse, depending on the child that is being abused. Throughout this paper, each form of abuse will be addressed and those forms will be analyzed to find a proper treatment for these problems. Under law, a physically abused child means "a child less than 18 years of age whose parents responsible for the child care... inflicts physical

A Critique Of A Health Promotion Tool (Breast Awareness) And Disscussion Of Health Promotion Models

1752 words - 8 pages The purpose of this essay is to critically analyse a health education resource, to show knowledge and understanding of the use of health behaviour models and to understand the concept of health promotion. The health education resource chosen by the author is presented in the form of a leaflet promoting breast awareness. Health promotion is "any planned combination of educational, political, environmental, regulatory, or organisational mechanisms

Obesity And The Effects

2429 words - 10 pages , were likelier to report suicidal ideation and attempts. In contrast, obese men, when compared to non-obese men had a reduced risk of depression, suicidal ideation, and suicide attempts. (EFFECTS OF OBESITY ON THE QUALITY OF LIFE, Chapter 14 - Marsha D Marcus, PhD, October 24, 2002)Binge eating and depression may contribute to weight gain and obesity, which, in turn, may negatively affect mood. Depression also may be associated with decreases in

The effects of AIDS and HIV in the world

468 words - 2 pages and human immunodeficiency virus hinder the economic development of an economy. Development is based on socio-economic factors and is measured by taking into account the social and economic indicators. I will attempt to show how the effects vary between the more economically developed countries with stable economy, adequate public sector investment, large consumer confidence with high productivity levels leading to high GDP and a high GNP both per

The Causes And Effects Of The Internet On Business

561 words - 3 pages In the beginning, the internet was considered by most to be a novelty. It represented little significance in the workplace. Most companies wrote off the net as a fad while the brave few embraced the new technology and brought their operations online. Email slowly began to replace snail mail and many companies began using the power of the internet to push their products. The availability of expanding technology, lower cost, and ease of use

The Effects of Abortion

982 words - 4 pages The Effects of Abortion Most women can have many reasons of having an abortion but they realized what damaged they could have done to themselves and the people around them? What about the baby that hasn't start living as human being? To indicate more information about this topic, women has high chances of not only getting effected through physically, but also mentally and spiritually, which brings a far deeper meaning in this topic. The effects

The Effects of Abortion

940 words - 4 pages bleeding after the abortion. Severe hemorrhage can happen at the time or directly after the abortion. Seizures are another risk that can occur at the time of the abortion or soon after. Some of the long-term effects directly attributed to abortion are reduced fertility, which can happen years later, and an increase in breast cancer risk. Uncontrollable blood clotting can occur at the time of abortion and women have died related to this (Physical Side

The Effects of Media

1031 words - 5 pages The Effects of Media, Video Games, or Internet- Based Social Media on Teen Behavior Name Institution Introduction Behaviors are influenced by the concepts of learning and conditioning. Learning is a natural process that occurs passively. Everyone gets new ideas that are indicative of the process of learning. The study of the relationship between learning and behavior is significant. This is because we need to

The effects of nothing

2859 words - 12 pages effects. If showing up late to school becomes a habit, students may develop the notion that tardiness is acceptable behavior. This belief can negatively impact their future work ethic and employment opportunities. Alternatively, showing up on time to school everyday can help students develop of the habit of being punctual with important commitments. This habit can serve high school students well through college and into their future careers

The Effects of Ageing

2882 words - 12 pages informative studies on the molecular biology of the aging brain. Many molecular changes are due in part to a reduction in the size of the brain, as well as loss of brain plasticity, Recent genome-wide studies demonstrate that a relatively small number of genes exhibit age-dependent gene expression changes. Studies in rodent, monkey, and human brains estimate the number of genes exhibiting age-dependent changes to represent less than 10%, and commonly

The Effects of Smoking

860 words - 4 pages start smoking because they saw somebody they idolized is smoking and believed it was cool to do it. The effect of smoking cigarettes, it can become very hazardous too human’s life. Most of all, there are various reasons that make people smoke and there could be numerous effects on their health by smoking cigarettes. Even though smokers claim that it helps them to unwind and release stress, the harmful aspects of the habit take over the positive

Related Papers

Breast Cancer: The Fight In Men And Women

1736 words - 7 pages Breast Cancer: The Fight in Men and Women Abstract Cancer is made up of many diseases. There are over 100 different types of cancers. Cancer is a disease in which abnormal cells split without control and intrude the likes of other tissues. Cancer cells normally spread to other areas of the body through the blood and lymph system. Breast cancer is the most common cancer in the United States when it is referred to women. Breast cancer also

Man And His Methods: The Cause And Solution To Reduction In The Primate Population

1304 words - 6 pages Man and His Methods: the Cause and Solution to Reduction in the Primate Population The theory of evolution is taught to students in classrooms all across the world. It states that living beings change through generations and thus separate species are related to one another, some more than others. Acceptance of evolution is sometimes accompanied by the knowledge that humans and chimpanzees share [significantly] more than 50% of their DNA

Reversing The Effects Of Ageing And Hgh

2130 words - 9 pages Human Growth Hormone (hGH) has been hailed as the fountain of youth that can reverse the effects of ageing. The anti-ageing value of hGH is, however both applauded and challenged by the medical industry. This essay will discuss the 3000 year old history and the newly emerging modern anti-ageing industry. Along with clinical trials, which study the effects caused by Human Growth Hormone and Growth Hormone Releasers (GHR) are mentioned, the hGH

The Effects Of Video Games And Violence

601 words - 3 pages James Lind 21st Century 03/14/15 Elizabeth Larson The effects of video games and violence Violence is not measured by playing video games. All studies do not show a link between video games and acts of violence, but research does show an increase in aggression. (Fournis & Abou, 2014) There have been debates about how violent video games trigger violent, aggressive behavior. (Fournis & Abou, 2014) Violent video games can impact a