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Mahatma Gandhi Essay

796 words - 4 pages

Mohandas “Mahatma” Gandhi
Mohandas “Mahatma” Gandhi was born in the western part of British-ruled India on October 2, 1869. When the British cracked down on Indian civil liberties after World War I, Gandhi began to organize nonviolent protests. He enforced the ideas of nonviolence, passive resistance, and civil disobedience by meeting with politicians, fasting, and launching campaigns to protest in order to regain rightful ownership of Indian self-government. He was very successful in using passive resistance and teaching by example. By Gandhi doing all of this, there was a positive outcome after all the hard work he and Indian people did. The outcome was that Britain's Parliament passed on ...view middle of the document...

So he accepted a one year term position in South Africa in the year of 1893. Gandhi would end up being an assist in lawsuits. During his time in South Africa, Gandhi became involved in efforts to end discrimination against the Indian minority there, who were oppressed by the British. “Gandhi was appalled by the discrimination he experienced as an Indian immigrant in South Africa” ( 1).
Gandhi originally wanted to stay in South Africa for a year, but he ended up remaining until 1914. There he founded the Natal Indian Congress, which worked to further Indian benefits, and ordered an Indian medical corps that fought on the British side in the Boer War from 1899 to 1901. “In 1906, after the Transvaal government passed an ordinance regarding the registration of its Indian population, Gandhi led a campaign of civil disobedience that would last for the next eight years” ( 1). During its final years, hundreds of Indians living in South Africa went to jail, and thousands of striking Indian miners were arrested, beaten and even shot by local officials. Finally, under pressure from the British and Indian governments, the government of South Africa accepted a negotiation discussed by Gandhi and General Jan Christian Smuts, which included important concessions such as the recognition of Indian marriages and the elimination of the...

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