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Mahatma Ghandi Essay

982 words - 4 pages

The most prominent and influential figure during the Indian independence movement was arguably Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, also known as The Mahatma Gandhi or Bapu. Gandhi believed in striving for non-violence in every situation and advocated that all others follow him in his actions. Through completely passive protests and non-violent action, Gandhi….. The Mahatma accomplished many individual journeys, such as famously leading Indians in protesting the British-imposed salt tax with 250 mile Dandi Salt March in 1930. Through his civil disobedience, he was imprisoned for many years in both South Africa and India on many occasions. Gandhi has been an inspiration to millions of individuals ...view middle of the document...

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In South Africa, Gandhi finally faced the atrocious discrimination directed at Indian society. He was thrown off a train at Pietermaritzburg after he had refused to move from his first-class seat to a third-class seat, even though Gandhi had been holding a legitimate first-class ticket. While continuing his travels further by stagecoach, a driver had beaten him for refusing to allow room for a European passenger. He had suffered dozens of other hardships on the journey as well, including being barred from several hotels along the way.
After his time spent in South Africa was finished, Gandhi returned to live in India in 1915. Gandhi gained thousands of followers throughout this time period because many saw how his non-violent civil disobedience was so successful and morally correct. Eventually, Gandhi and many political activists demanded that India be released from the grip of British rule, and reduced his call to a one year wait, instead of two. The British did not respond. On December 31st 1929, the flag of India was unfurled in Lahore. January 26th, 1930 was celebrated as India's Independence Day by the Indian National Congress. This day was commemorated by almost every other Indian organization. Gandhi then launched a new protest against the tax on salt in March 1930. One of his most well-known acts of protest was the famous Salt March to Dandi from March 12th to April 6th, where he marched 241 miles from Ahmedabad to Dandi in order to make salt for himself. During this march to the sea, thousands of Indians joined him. This campaign created the largest upset in British rule during his life. Unfortunately, Britain responded by imprisoning over 60,000 Indian civilians.
World War II broke out in 1939 when Poland was invaded by Nazi Germany. India had resolved on being able to support Britain with its non-violent support, but refused to contribute the the...

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