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Malay Ethnic Essay

965 words - 4 pages

Malaysia ialah sebuah negara berbilang kaum yang hidup dalam keadaan aman dan damai. Tiga kaum yang utama di Malaysia ialah Melayu, Cina dan India. Melayu merupakan kaum terbesar dengan membentuk 54% daripada populasi Malaysia. Melayu adalah satu kaum yang beragama Islam, berbahasa Melayu dan mengamalkan budaya Melayu. Kaum Melayu mempunyai pengaruh yang penting dalam arena politik di Malaysia. Cina pula mewakili 25% daripada penduduk Malaysia dan tinggal di bandar-bandar besar di pantai barat semenanjung. Kebanyakan kaum Cina beragama Buddha, Taoisme atau Kristian, berbahasa Mandarin, Hokkien, Hakka, Kantonis atau Teochew dan lebih dominan dalam bidang ekonomi. India pula membentuk 7.5% ...view middle of the document...

 Muzik tradisional banyak dipengaruhi oleh budaya Cina, Islam, India dan Indonesia. Kebanyakan alat muzik terdiri daripada gendang, seruling, gong dan sebagainya. Negara ini mempunyai tradisi yang kuat dalam tarian, sesetengahnya berasal daripada Thai, India, dan Portugis. Selain itu, ada juga wayang kulit, silat, dan barangan kraf seperti batik, sulaman, dan barangan perak dan tembaga.

Malaysia juga terdiri dari 13 buah negeri dan tiga Wilayah Persekutuan; sembilan dari negeri-negeri di Semenanjung Malaysia adalah dibawah pemerintahan Raja-Raja Melayu (Sultan). Pemerintahan Raja Berperlembagaan diketuai oleh Seri Paduka Baginda Yang di-Pertuan Agong yang dilantik di antara sembilan orang Raja-Raja Melayu mengikut susunan setiap lima tahun.
Malaysia mengamalkan Sistem Demokrasi Berparlimen yang diselenggarakan oleh Jemaah Menteri diketuai oleh Perdana Menteri. Pilihan raya Umum diadakan setiap lima tahun sekali. Parti yang memerintah sekarang, Parti Barisan Nasional (National Front) merupakan parti campuran terdiri dari beberapa parti politik yang mewakili berbagai kumpulan etnik.

Ibu Negara
Wilayah Persekutuan Kuala Lumpur adalah ibu negara Malaysia. la ditubuhkan pada 1857 sebagai penempatan pedagang bijih timah Cina di muara Sungai Gombak dan Sungai Kelang. Kuala Lumpur sebuah Bandar Raya Bercahaya mempunyai penduduk anggaran 1.5 juta. Pembangunan bandar raya ini terus berkembang pesat dengan bangunan pencakar langit dan salah sebuah bangunan tertinggi di dunia ialah Menara Berkembar Petronas. Terletak 25 km ke selatan Kuala Lumpur ialah Wilayah Persekutuan Putrajaya yang merupakan Pusat Pentadbiran Kerajaan Persekutuan. Manakala, mata wang Malaysia dikenali sebagai Ringgit Malaysia (RM). RM1 mengandungi 100 sen.

Sosio-Budaya
Penduduk Malaysia terdiri dari pelbagai bangsa. Jumlah penduduk anggaran tahun 2003 ialah 25.04 juta, yang terdiri dari kaum Melayu 61%, kaum Cina 30%, kaum India 8% dan yang lain-lain 1%. Terdapat juga orang Asli, Eropah dan Serani. Malaysia sebuah negara yang penduduknya terdiri dari pelbagai kebudayaan. Kebudayaan Kebangsaan Malaysia adalah berasaskan kebudayaan orang-orang Melayu sebagai rakyat asal rantau ini. Kebudayaan Melayu itu sendiri berteraskan ajaran agama Islam. Kebudayaan orang Melayu mengutamakan nilai-nilai sopan-santun, kesederhanaan, keindahan dan keharmonian hidup antara ahli-ahli keluarga, jiran tetangga dan masyarakat. Sikap tolak ansur...

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