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Malpractice Essay

3372 words - 14 pages

CHECKING EXAMINATION MALPRACTICE IN NIGERIAN SCHOOLS By Dr. (Mrs.)A.O. Oredein, Institute of Education, Olabisi Onabanjo University, Ago-Iwoye, Nigeria.

Abstract The dimensions of examination malpractice in schools are discussed. The paper also discussed the use of moral instruction as a way of managing students’ examination malpractices in schools. Examination malpractice tends to relegate certificates issued at different levels of education. The level of this corruption in society inadvertently originated from primary and secondary schools. It is nvw affecting our tertiary institutions and thus has become a societal problem. ft is however noted that students are not the only culprits and ...view middle of the document...

Examples of external (public) examinations common in Nigerian schools are Common Entrance Examination for admission into secondary school. School certificates examination are conducted by West African Examination Council (WAEC) and National Examination Council (NECO). The Joint Admission Matriculation Board (JAMB) and National Teachers’ Institute (NT!) conduct admission tests into tertiary institutions while the National Business and Technical Examination Board (NABTEB) conducts professional examinations for teachers and technicians respectively. Examination malpractice is any wrong doing before, during or after any examination. Although one may not be able to rule out examination malpractice in the past, the current trend is alarming and calls for proper management in order to rid the school system of its consequences. Whereas in the past, students tended to hide the acts, now they advertise them with positive blatancy. The things that others thought right to draw a veil across, the modern biographer reveals with all the gusto of a showman. Ruwa(1997) traced back examination malpractice to 1914. He further reported that in the University of Maiduguri, about 25% of the students interviewed admitted to have engaged in one form of examination malpractice or another. Examination malpractice occurs in both internal and external examinations. In short, it has become an epidemic in the nation’s educational system, which needs a prompt attention. New paragraph the situation of examination malpractice is so embarrassing to the nation that the federal military government in 1984, promulgated Decree 20 to deal with it. Part of the Decree reads thus: Any person who fraudulently or with intent to cheat or secure any unfair advantage to himself or any other person or in abuse of his office, produces, sells or buys or otherwise deals with any question paper intended for the examination of persons at any examination or commits any of the offences specified in section 3(2 7) (c) of this Decree, shall be guilty of an offence and on conviction be sentenced to 21 years imprisonment... (Fagbemi, 1998, p.1 7)

However, Examination Malpractice Act 33 of 1999 revised the above decree but now stipulates punishment ranging from a fine of N50, 000.00 to N 100, 000.00 and imprisonment for a term of 3-4 years with or without option of fine. This new development is due to the inability of the appropriate authorities to enforce the old Decree 20 of 1985. Despite all these laws, examination malpractice has been on the increase and this may be due to nonimplementation of the laws. Reasons for it being the low moral standard in schools, candidates’ fear of failure, lack of confidence in themselves, inadequate preparation, laziness and ‘419’ syndrome that have eaten deep into the life of the society. Pratt (1981) stated that students are likely to cheat when they are not prepared for examinations. Ruwa (1997) as well reported that university lecturers are of the opinion that...

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