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Management Essay

590 words - 3 pages

Language Acquisition and Development

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Introduction
At infancy during child development, children tend to find ways of expression in order to communicate with the adults. They tend to have a sensitivity to grasp vocalizations, symbols and other expressions used by adults in communicating with each other. They try to figure out the causative sentences to understand the actions by the adult species.
Previous research into child language development, the mechanism enabling children in segmenting syllables and words out of the strings of sounds they hear, and to acquire grammar to understand and produce language is still quite an enigma.
In other words, Language acquisition is the transformation or process by which children acquire the adult like speech through utterances.
Development of Language at early stages
Previous research works have tried to explain language acquisition. Skinner (1957) ...view middle of the document...

The child is therefore able to express himself or herself through the patterns learnt and in the process develop in the language.
Acquisition of Universal Grammar
?? Came up with a proposal on universal grammar which incorporated concepts of grammatical categories. The categories include nouns and verbs to which enhance language development in children as well as in adults. Universal grammar is considered to incorporate grammatical information needed to group together the categories that is, noun and verbs into phrases. Thus the child is tasked just to learn the words of the language she intends to learn. Instinctively, the child is able to combine the noun and the verb into a phrase with a meaning.
Contemporary Research
The existence of the previous research on universal grammar has become questionable from certain linguists who cite that categories discussed such as the nouns and verbs are evolutionary, psychologically and biologically implausible thus an inner look at language acquisition. This recent research is centered on general cognitive and learning principles. They suggest that instead of having specific language mechanism to enhance language processing utilization of the general cognitive and learning principles can extensively enhance language acquisition and development.
They make a suggestion that children tend to acquire language through gradual development process. The basic argument is that children are sensitive to language patterns thus the language acquisition process.
The research is also centered on morphology acquisition. The gradual pattern entails morphemes which form the smallest units in the formation of words.
Gradually, the child hears sufficient number of these patterns heard enhancing a mechanism of communication.
Conclusion
Based on the above works on research on language acquisition and development, it is definite that language acquisition is defined by a set of developmental processes from where the language develops. The child acquires the language in a transformational process through the exposure in his or her environment. However, there remains a contention with regards to the entire development and acquisition of different languages.

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