Management and Leadership Paper
Leadership and management are two notions that are often used interchangeably. However, these words actually describe two different concepts. Below, I will discuss these differences and explain why both terms are thought to be similar.
Leadership is a facet of management, is just one of the many assets a successful manager must possess and care must be taken in distinguishing between the two concepts. The main aim of a manager is to maximize the output of the organization through administrative implementation. To achieve this, managers must undertake the following functions: Organization, Planning, Staffing, Directing, and Controlling.
Leadership is ...view middle of the document...
They have a preference for innovation. Often with small groups, it is not the manager who emerges as the leader. In many cases it is a subordinate member with specific talents who leads the group in a certain direction. "Leaders must let vision, strategies, goals, and values are the guide-post for action and behavior rather than attempting to control others." When a natural leader emerges in a group containing a manager, conflict may arise if they have different views. When a manager sees the group looking towards someone else for leadership he may feel his authority is being questioned.
Groups are often more loyal to a leader than a manager. This loyalty is created by the leader taking responsibility in areas such as: Taking the blame when things go wrong, celebrating group achievements; even minor ones and giving credit where it is due. The leader must take a point of highlighting the successes within a team, using charts or graphs, with little presentations and fun ideas. Leaders are observant and sensitive people. They know their team and develop mutual confidence within it. A leader is someone who people naturally follow through their own choice, whereas a manager must be obeyed. A manager may only have obtained his position of authority through time and loyalty given to the company, not as a result of his leadership qualities. A leader may have no organizational skills, but his vision unites people behind him.
Management usually consists of people who are experienced in their field, and who have worked their way up the company. A manager knows how each layer of the system works and may also possess a good technical knowledge. A leader can be a new arrival to a company who has bold, fresh, new ideas but might not have experience or wisdom.
Leadership is a way of focusing and motivating a group to enable them to achieve their aims. It also involves being accountable and responsible for the group as a whole. A leader should provide continuity and momentum, be flexible in allowing changes of direction and ideally, a leader should be a few steps ahead of their team, but not too far for the team to be able to understand and follow them. Leaders must have a wide range of skills, techniques and strategies, which includes planning, communication skills, organization, and awareness of the wider environment in which the team operates.
Traditionally, a permanent team leader would be appointed by more senior levels of management or elected by the group. This technique relies on the assumption that one single person has all the strengths required. However, it has been argued that on the best teams, different individuals provide occasional leadership, taking charge in areas where they have particular strengths. Yet, no one is a permanent leader because that person would then cease to be a peer and the team interaction would begin to break down. This approach would eliminate the problem of a leader being isolated from his/her group.