Leadership can be defined as ability to influence a group towards achievement of a vision or set of goals .Leadership can be assumed simply on basis of position of power or can arise outside the formal structure of the organization .
Various theories were put to explain different styles of leaderships in management . Below are few of the various well known theories to explain the different leadership styles .
· Trait theories.
· Behavioural theories.
· Contingency theories.
· Transformational theories.
Trait theories – What type of person makes a good leader?
Trait theories argue that leaders share a number of common personality traits and characteristics, ...view middle of the document...
Lewin argued that there are three types of leaders:
Autocratic leaders make decisions without consulting their teams. This is considered appropriate when decisions genuinely need to be taken quickly, when there's no need for input, and when team agreement isn't necessary for a successful outcome.
Democratic leaders allow the team to provide input before making a decision, although the degree of input can vary from leader to leader. This type of style is important when team agreement matters, but it can be quite difficult to manage when there are lots of different perspectives and ideas.
Laissez-faire leaders don't interfere; they allow people within the team to make many of the decisions. This works well when the team is highly capable and motivated, and when it doesn't need close monitoring or supervision. However, this style can arise because the leader is lazy or distracted, and, here, this approach can fail.
many of these leadership behaviors are appropriate at different times. So, the best leaders are those who can use many different behavioral styles and use the right style for each situation.
Contingency theories – How does the situation influence good leadership?
The realization that there isn't one correct type of leader led to theories that the best leadership style is contingent on, or depends on, the situation. These theories try to predict which leadership style is best in which circumstance.
Different types of leadership seen in my Organization :
1) Autocratic leader . An autocratic leader assumes that his leadership is based on the authority conferred upon him by some source such as his position, knowledge, strength or power to punish and reward .My old Project Manager followed this particular style .
Have seen many peers develop a sense of insecurity, frustration, low morale and induced to avoid responsibility, initiative and innovative behavior. Fresh ideas became victim… most became only photocopies of the Project Manager and most – if not all – discussion/freshness/ideas/new avenues were lost.
2) Democratic leader : Many Project Managers in my company can be classified as same. The Project Managers mostly take decisions based on feedback or advise received from various team leaders through weekly as well as daily project status updates .Based on same various milestones are revised . Authority is also delegated to team leaders to meet the tasks .
3) Sweat Shop manager : A particular Manager in company seems to follow this style . He is concerned only about the task at hand , no concern at all...