This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Mäori & Public Health: Essay

4038 words - 17 pages

Mäori & Public Health: Ethics

A discussion paper

Preamble

Being asked to write a paper on Mäori perspectives on Public Health ethics raises issues for me. Some years ago my research colleagues and I invited Moana Jackson to participate in a project on genetic engineering. Our first question for him was along the lines of whether Mäori had a ‘unique perspective’ on genetic engineering. It was then that we received our lesson about the use of the word ‘perspective’ (Cram, Pihama & Philip-Barbara, 2000:66-67). Moana said that,

‘The word perspective to me is interesting. It assumes that there is something that is a given upon which Mäori can be expected to have a valid point of ...view middle of the document...

My disclaimer then, as now, lies in the words of Eber Hampton[1] (1988) who says of his own work, ‘My hope is that the reader will think along with me and will take what is useful and leave the rest’.

Background

The complicity of researchers and the policies and practices that research findings have justified in the colonisation of Aotearoa has been well-documented in many theses, articles and books on Mäori, research, colonisation and ethics (for example, Linda Smith, 1999; Ngahuia Te Awekotuku, 1991). This situation is not unique to Aotearoa and to Mäori; across the globe indigenous peoples have protested about being over-researched by people who are alien to them and their communities, with the outcomes of this research too often being ‘misguided and harmful’ (Marlene Brant Castellano, 2004). Indigenous peoples are now justifiably both weary and wary of research and its outcomes (McNeill, Macklin, Wasunna & Komesaroff, 2005).

Marlene Brant Castellano (2004:98), for example, describes the howls of protest and the scepticism from indigenous peoples in Canada during the 1992 Royal Commission on Aboriginal Peoples’ workshop to establish a research agenda. Like many workshops and hui in Aotearoa throughout the 1980s and 1990s[2], and often even into the present day, people’s experiences of research gave them no reason to believe that it could serve their communities well. In Canada in 1992, the cry that they had been ‘researched to death’ was met by the quietly spoken words of an Elder;

‘If we have been researched to death, maybe it’s time we started researching ourselves back to life’.

On this pathway ‘back to life’ indigenous peoples now ask and expect more of those who come to find out about, and possibly ‘do good’, for their communities. Some of the first responses to these expectations were made by non-indigenous researchers who embedded notions such as respect and cultural competence into their disciplinary codes of ethics (Te Awekotuku, 1991). Codes of good practice for indigenous research were also produced by agencies such as the Health Research Council of New Zealand and the World Health Organisation (HRC, 1998; WHO, 2003).

Indigenous communities also produced their own codes of conduct for those wanting to work alongside them on research (e.g., Akwesasne Good Mind Research Protocol; Mi’kmaw Research Principals and Protocols). These codes speak of indigenous people’s rights to protect their culture and knowledge with these rights, in turn, underpinning the insistence of indigenous peoples that they are the arbiters of how they are researched and represented. Only then can their cultural maintenance and revitalisation be assured (Brant Castellano, 2004).

Public Health

Public health carries dual accountabilities of finding out and taking action. As Steven Coughlin (2006) notes,

‘Ethical concerns in Public Health often relate to the dual obligations of Public Health professionals to acquire and apply...

Other Essays Like Mäori & Public Health:

The French And Indian War: The "Real" First World War

1955 words - 8 pages The Seven Years War, or more commonly referred to as “The French and Indian War”, has been called the true First World War. In this book The French and Indian War: Deciding the Fate of North America, the author and historian Walter R. Borneman paints a detailed and elaborate picture that justifies the claim of it being the first true war of global proportions. If ever there truly was a climax to the never ending feud of the European powers

Is The Use Of Animals In Medical Research A Necessary Measure?

1513 words - 7 pages States Department of Agriculture. Public Law 89-544. Government Printing Office, 2009. Print. "Questions and Answers About Biomedical Research."humanesociety.org. The Humane Society of the United States, 2011. Web. 6 Dec. 2011. Zurlo, Joanna, Deborah Rudacille, and Alan Goldberg. "The Three R's: The Way Forward." Environmental Health Perspectives. 8th ed. Vol. 104. CAAT.JHSPH.EDU. Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health. Web. 6 Dec. 2011.

Education And The Evolving Job Market

2363 words - 10 pages education has been the ultimate goal of great teachers, administrators, and philosophers since the dawn of public education. Many have called for a change in the way we think about education and warned that if no change is made, the youth of today and tomorrow will ultimately suffer. For example, in his 1929 credo, John Dewey argues that the learning process begins the very moment one enters into the world and it should continue for the purpose

Young And Relentless

1737 words - 7 pages ” (Marcovitz). Teen drinking is not just a temporary health problem; it is also the path to future health problems. Many times teenagers who develop drinking problems early on will develop other physical and mental problems later in life (Marcovitz). The correct extent of supervision is vital for preventing this matter. Letting teenagers run free can increase the chance of underage drinking, as well as if you have your kid under close supervision

The Natural Law Theory

1231 words - 5 pages Obeying by the natural law theory is the only true and moral way to live life; especially a life lived in God’s image. God’s presence is a guiding factor to obtaining a moral and virtuous life, which can only be obtained by following the natural law theory. God created a set of laws as a supreme guide for humans to live life, like any law these laws were created to ensure wellbeing for everyone. The laws he created are the civil law, the natural

Resolved: Presidential Signing Statements Threaten To Undermine The Rule Of Law And The Separation Of Powers

1811 words - 8 pages The subject of signing statements has created much debate among the houses of Congress, government officials, and the public alike. These signing statements fall under the categories of constitutional and legislative history signing statements. Constitutional signing statements are those in which the president deems certain provisions of the legislation as unconstitutional, therefore they should not be enforced (Bradley & Posner, 2006

Oppressive Systems Of Government In Egypt And Animal Farm

1529 words - 7 pages conveying propagated messages to the people. It is owned be the Egyptian government, and therefore it “[was] completely used as propaganda machines telling lies to the Egyptian public” (Shimi 1). The use of propaganda by the media in the Egyptian government is similar to what Squealer does for Napoleon, telling lies to the citizens so that they are content, or at least satisfied, with the government. The Egyptian government also attempted to place

The Pathway To Psychosis

1415 words - 6 pages “How all occasions do inform against me” is a line from act IIII, scene IIII of William Shakespeare’s Hamlet. This line, spoken by Hamlet, expresses his emotional state as he is currently overwhelmed by the death of his father, the king of Denmark, and the situation surrounding it. After Hamlet learns of his father’s death he finds out that his mother has married Claudius, Hamlet’s uncle. On top of all of that, Hamlet soon after

Rated “M” For “More Censorship Not Needed”

1241 words - 5 pages applied to all video games, whether packaged in a box at retail or directly downloaded to a gaming system, computer or mobile device. Packaged games that are to be sold in stores have to be rated using a “long form” process. The ESRB states that this process involves “ESRB raters evaluate the content of each game in advance of its public release. In these cases the publisher must provide two key forms of content disclosure as their game is being

Four Components Of A Legally Astute Social Media Marketing Manager

1914 words - 8 pages With the advances in technology constantly changing companies have to find better ways to market their products to consumers. The explosion of Facebook has given companies a way to market products to consumers. Examine how a legally astute manager can use social media to his advantage. Review different forms of dispute resolution and determine which one works the best. What is the best course of action, the government can use to

Obama's Values

1217 words - 5 pages As individuals, we don’t tend to take action unless it’s for self-interest; however, in Dreams from My Father, Obama spends three years, after college, as a community organizer in Chicago. Obama goes through tribulations, disappointments, and even complete failures organizing meaningful events, decisive meetings, and humble gatherings but he keeps working toward achieving any possible change in the community. Even though results give him every

Related Papers

The Separation Of Capital Ownership And Control

1577 words - 7 pages The argument of whether the separation of capital ownership and control is an efficient form of organization has constantly been a controversial issue. The criticism whether the controllers’ act is in the best interest of the owners’ wills never end as long as hired managers operate management. As the number of public companies has been increasing over the course of this century, meanwhile the American style of contact based corporation has

The Versatility And Flexibility Of Oled's

1014 words - 5 pages In April 1, 2002, organic light emitting diodes gain rise in the scientific community with their published, more practical form at Ames Laboratory. “Scientists at the U.S. Department of Energy's Ames Laboratory, in collaboration with scientists at the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, have developed and demonstrated a novel, fluorescence-based chemical sensor that is more compact, versatile and less expensive than existing technology of its

Comparing The Moral Virtues Of Antony And Julian The Apostate

1103 words - 5 pages , “He was highly skilled in the arts of both war and peace” (The Later Roman Empire, p.296). Once again paralleling to Antony, he was a very good public speaker. He was also very just. When the time of trials came along, he always made sure to know both sides of the story, and always took that into account (The Later Roman Empire). Lastly, he revealed much courage during his countless battles when he would be seen “fighting in the front rank

Living In A Cashless Society Essay

1637 words - 7 pages Money in a traditional sense no longer exists. Money is becoming much of a concept than a physical material, and most ordinary bitter have not see the reality of the switch. People today are using credit and debit cards on a regular basis and in everyday situations such as meal purchased at fast food, highway tolls, clothing, groceries, gas stations, etc. all of these means of systems could be regarded as a cashless society or world. The question