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Marcus Tullius Cicero Essay

872 words - 4 pages

Marcus Tullius Cicero

"We are in bondage to the law in order that we may be set free"
Marcus Tullius Cicero came into philosophical fame during the Roman Republic era. At a very young age, Cicero, who came from a modest home, made it his ambition to hold a high political position in Rome. Unfortunately, his middle class ancestry restricted his ability in achieving his goals. As a result he sought a military position to gain authority. Cicero proved to be an ineffective soldier, which gradually lead him to select a career in law. In 63 B.C. he moved up in the Roman oligarchy by acquainting himself with many politicians who aided him in obtaining the title of "consul", the highest Roman ...view middle of the document...

The laws made by the Senate were made to respect and protect the foundation of Rome and the interests of its people, "...in order that we may be set free." Cicero implies that, if the citizens of Rome follow the laws, they will be able to live their lives without being looked down upon by the rest of the citizens who follow the laws. In Cicero's political career, he held an important position in the Senate and was greatly respected. By instilling the importance of law and the imperativeness that it was obeyed, Cicero modeled the ideal Roman citizen which was one with respect for the state, and pride for it's heritage.

Through the latter part of Cicero's political career, he alleged that politicians were corrupt and had lost their sense of Rome's worth. Politicians produced laws that were lacking in morals, but were convenient for the aristocracy of Rome to follow. Many became carried away with obtaining prestige and wealth, and Cicero's endeavor at communicating his political goals became exceedingly trying. The laws at the time were not made in the interests of all citizens of Rome; rather they were made for the convenience of the upper class, the demoralization of the serfs and for defense. Absolute power was held over the lower classes by the upper classes of Roman law. The dignitaries dictated all the actions of the serfs, directly through laws or indirectly through accepted traditions. The quote applied mainly to the upper and middle classes because the lower classes were already in...

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