Table of Contents
Birth Date and Birth Place 4
Early Life 4
Later Life and Death 5
Birth Date and Birth Place
Maria Theresa, the eldest daughter of the Holy Roman Emperor Charles VI and Elizabeth Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel, was born in Vienna on May 13, 1717.
When the only son of Charles VI died and left no heir to the throne, Charles furthered the Pragmatic Sanction. The Pragmatic Sanction is a royal act, which allowed a female to inherit the territories of the Habsburg. In 1736 Maria Theresa married Francis Stephen of Lorraine. The marriage of Maria ...view middle of the document...
She approved drastic changes in universities, such as the introduction of textbooks. She also managed to hook the University of Vienna’s medical school with the public Health service. She tried to improve the lives of the peasants and put an end to the cruelty of the landlords, she tried to abolish serfdom in Bohemia but met opposition from her husband who was getting complaints from the lord-holders.
After Charles VI died, the war he had tried so hard to prevent broke out after Maria inherited the throne. Besides having to deal with the war, Maria found that Charles had left the Habsburg territories in a dire state of disrepair, along with an empty treasury. The war of the Austrian Succession involved the allied European princes of Bavaria, France, Prussia, Saxony, and Spain against her country, and her allies the British and the Dutch. At the beginning of the war Maria lost her precious Silesia to the prince of Prussia, Frederick II. Maria was so determined to regain the territory of Silesia that she abandoned her alliance with Great Britain and allied herself with France and Russia. At that time Britain and France were great enemies and her alliance with them angered Britain so much that they allied against her with Prussia and the other countries. This action is known as the “Reversal of Alliances”. Although this new alliance did not...