Maritime Boundary And Territorial Issues Essay

1858 words - 8 pages

Maritime boundary and territorial Issues
Several ASEAN countries are engaged in maritime demarcation disputes with one another. The most important of these involve Thailand’s tense relationship with Myanmar, the Philippines’ dispute with Malaysia over the province of Sabah, the competing claims of the Philippines, Malaysia, and Vietnam in the South China Sea, territorial disputes between Malaysia and Indonesia and Malaysia and Thailand, and tension between Singapore and Malaysia. Maritime boundary demarcation has significant influence on ASEAN member states relation. JN Mak in Sovereignty in ASEAN and the Problem of Maritime Cooperation in South China Sea argues that cooperation at sea ...view middle of the document...

Subsequently in 1980, Malaysia pronounced its EEZ over the same area. However, Indonesia has protested on the Malaysian Map 1979, claiming that the area overlaps the Indonesian EEZ Map 1983.
The dispute was further escalated when Petronas gave the concession to Shell for oil and gas exploration in Block ND6 and ND7 of Ambalat area while Indonesian owned oil company Pertamina, also awarded an American firm, Unocal for similar oil and gas explorations at the end of the year 2004 and early 2005. The conflict started when Indonesian naval ship entered Malaysian waters around Pulau Sebatik (near Tawau) in Sabah on 6 March 2005. The intrusion was brought to light after the Royal Malaysian Navy (RMN) ship boarded and ‘chased’ away an Indonesian tug and barge, attempting to construct a navigational aid at Batuan Unarang (about 18 nautical miles Southeast of Tawau or 8.3 nautical miles from the Malaysian calculated baseline). The situation worsened with the incident involving two naval ships, belonging to Malaysia and Indonesia that took place on the 10th April 2005 in the disputed area. Both ships were in close proximity of one another and had demonstrated gunboat diplomacy. For example, Malaysia and Indonesia have deployed their navies at the disputed waters around the Sulawesi Sea in 2005. Though the media reports suggests that there was tension around the area which escalated with the “brushing” of naval vessels of the two countries, the diplomatic relations between the two ASEAN members have reduced tensions between the two ASEAN neighbours.
2.2. Pulau Batu Puteh (Pedra Branca)
The awarding of the ownership of Batu Puteh (refereed as Pedra Branca by ICJ) to Singapore and Middle Rocks to Malaysia by the International Court of Justice (ICJ) in July 2008, have signalled that the two countries will likely deploy or strengthen their naval presence around the area. On May 23, 2008, the Court released its Judgment on the case. It ruled by a vote of 12 to 4 that sovereignty over Batu Puteh belongs to Singapore, and by a vote of 15 to 1 that sovereignty over Middle Rocks belongs to Malaysia. The Court further ruled by a vote of 15 to 1 that sovereignty over South Ledge belongs to the state in the territorial waters of which it is located. Both Singapore and Malaysia have accepted the judgement by the ICJ and later establish the Joint Technical Committee to enforce the ICJ’s decision. However, problems may arise if Singapore were to claim the EEZ from Batu Puteh. If Singapore claims the EEZ from Batu Puteh, Malaysia may protest to its claim, and this will lead to more build ups on both sides of the naval missions in and around the area. Malaysia may also refer the matter to the Joint Technical Committee and negotiations may take place. However, during the course of negotiations, disputes may arise between the enforcement agencies of both countries. To strengthen Malaysia’s position around the waters of Batu Puteh, Malaysia requires a naval presence to...

Other Essays Like Maritime Boundary And Territorial Issues

Indo-Pak Relations Essay

4886 words - 20 pages start of a slow-moving peace process between India and Pakistan. 10) India–Pakistan maritime trespassing: frequent trespassing and violation of respective national territorial waters of India and Pakistan in peacetime occurs commonly by Pakistani and Indian fishermen operating along the coastline of the Indian state of Gujarat and the Pakistani province of Sindh. Most violations occur due to the absence of a physical boundary and lack of

Ch16 India and the Ocean Basin India After the Fall of the Gupta Dynasty

699 words - 3 pages as warehouses for trade.Specialized products developed (cotton, high-carbon steel). The Kingdom of Axum Example of trade-driven development.Founded 1st c. CE.Adopted Christianity .Displaces Kush as Egyptian link to the south.Axum destroys Kushan capital Meroë c. 360 CE.Major territorial expansion to late 6th c. Challenges to Caste and Society Migrations.Growth of Islam.Urbanization.Economic development.Development of Jati (subcastes).Similar

Current Issues in Vietnum

1126 words - 5 pages Student Name Professor’s Name Course Name Date Current issues in Vietnam According to The Japan News, Vietnam has filed a legal suit that is aimed at opposing the Chinese claim on the waters that are off the coast of Vietnam. The Vietnamese prime minister said that the country is seeking for the appropriate time to file the motion (Army Times). Taking a legal action is the measure and reaction that the country aims at after a series of

Mexican American War

800 words - 4 pages territory extending westward from the Rio Grande to the Pacific Ocean . Mexico severed relations with the United States in March 1845, shortly after the U.S. annexation of Texas, partly because of Mexican opposition to the annexation and partly because of the conviction in the North that Texas represented an expansion of slavery. Furthermore, the boundary was in dispute. Mexico claimed that the southern boundary of Texas was the Nueces River, the

Foreign Relations of China

2426 words - 10 pages The foreign relations of the People's Republic of China guides the way in which it interacts with foreign nations. As a great power and emerging superpower, China's foreign policy and strategic thinking is highly influential. China officially states it "unswervingly pursues an independent foreign policy of peace. The fundamental goals of this policy are to preserve China's independence, sovereignty and territorial integrity, create a favorable

Citizenship Identity In Turkey

1304 words - 6 pages action the nationalists simultaneously envisaged and domesticated a particular identity for the new ‘community of citizens’. The period between 1919–1923 witnessed the first formulations of definitive, boundary producing (both physical and ethical) discourses of Turkish political life, such as the supreme political objective of political unity based on territorial integrity, the Muslim majority as an organic totality, terms of ethnic and

The International Medical Guide for Ships

1584 words - 7 pages PROGRAMME A programme has been run by the International Committee on Seafarers’s Welfare to provide a toolkit on maritime health issues for seafarers and shipping companies. This has been produced in conjunction with IMHA (the International Maritime Health Association). These materials may be purchased direct form the ICSW or can be found on their website, www.seafarershealth.org, Eleven modules have been commissioned, of which eight are

The Future Of The Merchant Marine

2168 words - 9 pages Secretary of Transportation Rodney Slater. The purpose of the conference was to discuss the present state of the maritime transportation; where they wanted to be in the year 2020; and, most importantly, how were they going to get there. A great deal of information was discussed and it was agreed that a Task Force would be created to assess the adequacy of the maritime transportation and examine critical issues. The first draft of the Task Force

Sdfsdfhnikjvnfhfjffcv

2467 words - 10 pages ) SECOND YEAR DETAILED SYALLBUS PAPER – 202 National Security Unit I: Introduction and Determinants of security (a) Meaning & Theories of National Power (b) Power Profile of Nation State, Elements of National Power (c) Determinants of security- Conceptual framework (d) Territorial integrity and sovereignty, Threats from immediate neighbours (e) Insurgency, counter insurgency: Concept & dimensions Unit II: International Security (a) Viable Trends

Security Issue in the Asia-Pacific Region

3163 words - 13 pages theories. First, the territorial issues in Diaoyu islands cause more panics between China and Japan. Second, the cultural industries are always influencing mass media and sharp the public value to defense outsides tension and stress. Third, it is the Third Plenum of the 18th Central Committee of the Communist Party of China that highlights to develop economy rather than violence and aggression to fight the world. Also, Althusser said Marxism is

Effects of Population Density and Noise

1446 words - 6 pages , but typically the lines are clear for individuals. Privacy Territorial practices and behaviors are designed to maintain a certain degree of privacy. The differences in territorial boundaries will decide the privacy factor of each, such as where an individual will expect the most privacy or least amount of privacy. Technology advances have raised some concerns regarding the control of information of others, even though it also is trying to

Related Papers

Border Disputes Essay

1025 words - 5 pages territorial dispute near Cambodia's Preah Vihear Temple. Reference:1) http://www.ipcs.org/special-report/southeast-asia/the-dispute-over-prea-vihear-seen-problems-unseen-stakes-129.html 2)http://english.cntv.cn/20130617/104307.shtml SINO-INDIA BORDER DISPUTE The Sino-Indian border dispute is e the outcome of the failure Of India and China to mutually agree upon the exact alignment of their common Boundary within the

Piracy In Somalia:Threatening International Trade Essay

1672 words - 7 pages Executive SummaryThe Canadian Chamber of Commerce urges the immediate deployment of Canadian naval vessels to the coast of Somalia in order to secure a vital international maritime shipping route. Canada's Department of National Defence has the responsibility to act quickly and decisively by joining international efforts to secure the safety and stability of the Gulf of Aden.The coast of Somalia has become the world's most dangerous route for

Arts2813 Annotated Bibliography Essay

1083 words - 5 pages information when looking at what security means under neo-classical realism and cooperative policy making. Yee, A. (2011). Maritime Territorial Disputes in East Asia: A Comparative Analysis of the South China Sea and the East China Sea. Journal of Current Chinese Affairs, 40(2), pp.165-193. Yee’s article compares the maritime territorial disputes in the East and South China Seas. The author does this by using the bargaining model of war and

Cause Of The Civil War Essay

657 words - 3 pages states, the progress of the abolitionists, the Election of Abraham Lincoln, and the secession of the states. To begin with, the differences between the North's industrial economy and the South's agricultural economy created the division in each's economic attitude. The North focused on technological innovation and building cities. The roads and railroads were their biggest investment and set the path for territorial expansion and exporting goods