ETHICS AND VALUES
ASSIGNMENT – 1
Sarojini Naidu,also known by the sobriquet The Nightingale of India (Bharatiya Kokila), was a child prodigy, Indian independence activist and poet. Naidu was the second Indian woman to become the President of the Indian National Congress and the first woman to become the Governor of Uttar Pradesh state. Her birthday is celebrated as Women's Day in India.
Sarojini Chattopadhyay, later Naidu, belonged to a Bengali family. She was born in Hyderabad, India as the ...view middle of the document...
Her collections "The golden threshold (1905)", "The bird of time (1912)", and "The broken wing (1917)" attracted huge Indian and English readership.
Indian Freedom Fighter
Sarojini Naidu (extreme right) with Mahatma Gandhi during Salt Satyagraha, 1930
Sarojini Naidu joined the Indian national movement in the wake of partition of Bengal in 1905.She wrote many poems.One of the famous poems were Song of radha,the milkmaid.This tells us about goddess Radha,the wife of lord krishna who wantsto sell her curds in the mathura fair.Her poems reflect the Indian culture and her simplicity. She came into contact with Gopal Krishna Gokhale, Rabindranath Tagore, Muhammad Ali Jinnah, Annie Besant, C. P. Ramaswami Iyer, Mahatma Gandhi and Jawaharlal Nehru.
During 1915-1918, she traveled to different regions in India delivering lectures on social welfare, women empowerment, and nationalism. She awakened the women of India and brought them out of the kitchen. She also helped to establish the Women's Indian Association (WIA) in 1917. She was sent to London along with Annie Besant, President of WIA, to present the case for the women's vote to the Joint Select Committee.
President of the Congress
In 1925, Sarojini Naidu presided over the annual session of Indian National Congress at Cawnpore. In 1929, she presided over East African Indian Congress in South Africa. She was awarded the Kaiser-i-Hind medal by the British government for her work during the plague epidemic in India. In 1931, she participated in the Round table conference with Gandhiji and Madan Mohan Malaviya.Sarojini Naidu played a leading role during the Civil Disobedience Movement and was jailed along with Gandhiji and other leaders. In 1942, Sarojini Naidu was arrested during the "Quit India" movement and was jailed for 21 months with Gandhiji. She shared a very warm relationship with Gandhiji and used to call him "Mickey Mouse".
Sarojini Naidu began writing at the age of 12. Her play,...