Martin Luther King, Jr., was born on January 15, 1929, to his parents Reverend Martin Luther King, Sr. and Alberta Williams King in Atlanta, Georgia. Martin Luther King, Jr. was born Michael Luther King, Jr., but later had his name changed to Martin. He spent his childhood under the watchful eye of his father's church, even singing with the church choir. Martin Luther attended segregated public schools in Georgia, graduating from high school at the age of fifteen. He received his B. A. degree in 1948 from Morehouse College; a Negro institution of Atlanta from which both his father and grandfather had graduated.
As a young man, Martin had some question as to what he wanted to do with his life. Should he be a doctor, or perhaps a lawyer? In either profession, he would be in a position to help people. However, he came to realize that he could best serve God and his people ...view middle of the document...
In Montgomery, Dr. King became a respected leader in the struggle to help African Americans achieve the full and equal citizenship to which they were entitled. When Rosa Parks refused to give up her seat on a bus on December 1, 1955, he led the Montgomery Bus Boycott against public bus transportation, which required that Blacks sit at the back of busses. From that time on the list of non-violent protests that were led by Dr. King goes on and on including lunch counter sit-ins to do away with the practice of not allowing African Americans to eat in "white only" restaurants, and the famous peaceful march in Selma, Alabama, to gain voting rights for his people. He helped found the Southern Christian Leadership Conference in 1957, serving as its first president. King's efforts led to the 1963 March on Washington, where King delivered his "I Have a Dream" speech. For his work in bringing about changes in a peaceful manner, at the age of thirty-five, Martin Luther King, Jr. was the youngest man to have received the Nobel Peace Prize. Dr. King organized and led marches for blacks' desegregation, labor rights, and other basic civil rights. He devoted his time in working for the civil rights of black people. Dr. King organized several campaigns and protests to abolish the segregation of people based on race. Many millions of people respected and loved Dr. King for his work, but there were others who feared and hated him. His home was bombed, and his Church. He was often threatened and beaten. None of this stopped him from doing the work he had to do, and, most of all, he never returned violence with violence.
In March of 1968, King traveled to Memphis, Tennessee to talk on behalf of the public works employees there and the discrimination associated with their wages. On April 3, 1968, King gave his "I've been to the Mountaintop" speech. The next evening, on April 4, 1968, King was assassinated while standing on the balcony of the motel in which he was staying. He died shortly thereafter at St. Joseph's Hospital. He was only 39 at the time of his death.