L08 Writing Project
Marx vs. Weber on Social Class
The social relations and social phenomena of people has been an area of interest to thinkers throughout recent history. Social class refers to a group of people with similar levels of wealth, influence, and status. Sociologists Karl Marx and Max Weber had different theories on social class and what defines them. Marx theory defines social class is determined by society rather than individual, while Weber disagreed and concluded that it was the complete opposite.
Max Weber believes that it is the individual, not the society, which acts in the world. People are what make the world go around, by means of labor, production, and economy. Since all three start with individuals, he concludes that they ...view middle of the document...
This provides proof that the statement- The more property or wealth you have the more power you haveâ€¦The more power you have the more prestige you will have- is true.
On the other hand, Karl Marx believes that society is not held together by individuals, but by the society of which they live in. He believes that society creates the environment for which individuals do belong to. Marx believes that the nature of the individual is a representation of the nature that society is in at the time. Basically, this states one is a product of his or her environment or the society they come from or represent. Marx argues that, unlike Weberâ€™s theory, individuals are dependent on society for survival. According to Marx, social class, class structures and changes in the structures are based on capitalism or production. Marx grouped people into two groups: bourgeoisie (owners) and proletariat (workers), which creates production. The lower class consists of the proletariat and the upper class consists of the bourgeoisie. Marx states that individuals depend entirely on the economic basis of their society. If the economy does well, the society will do well, and the individuals will prosper. If the economy falls, society will deteriorate, and the individuals will suffer.
I agree that both of these sociologistâ€™s theories exist. However, I believe that Weberâ€™s theory relates to society today because wealth rules the world and it sets your status or social class. You can move up or down in social class as your assets change. Marxâ€™s true holds true, but it states that it is impossible to change once you placed in a specific social class.
CliffsNotes.com. Sociology and Common Sense. 18 Apr 2013