Marxist reading of Comrade by Maxim Gorky.
Karl Marx was an ardent advocate of social justice. He advocated for the fight against unrighteous capitalism, elimination of class struggle and for socio-economic values which provide equality. Maxim Gorkyâ€™s story, Comrade, is based on the same lines. Maxim Gorky being a prolific socialist writer highlights the utilitarian behaviour of a nameless town and the subsequent rise of the working class.
The story starts with a detailed overview of the social scenario of this nameless town which is described in shades of grey and the people are lifeless. The social structure is shown as a hierarchy based on the wealth and affluence of the people. There is a huge gap between the upper classes and the poor or the working class. Due to this there is a ...view middle of the document...
This inequality of power leads to the rise of the working class. The magical term â€˜comradeâ€™ works to bring everyone together in a single seat and fight together against the aristocrat and the bourgeoisie for their inhumanity. Gorky shows how a simple word such as â€˜comradeâ€™ can mean to people of the working class. Nobody is defined as poor or rich or a beggar or a prostitute, but as a comrade even by the law enforcement. This word brings a sense of equality and respect within the people. It proposes a relation between the people, a feeling of unity, and this unity helps them find their power and fight for their rights.
All they had to say was â€œEnoughâ€, enough of being treated as slaves by money and wealth and enough of struggle to find their own place in the society. The rise of the working class was well enough to bring fear and amazement among the oppressors. And the unity of the comrades makes them realise that they had done enough labour to be masters of their own life and not to be treated as slaves by the hands of the wealthy and they deserved an equally respectful way of life.
Gorky, in his story, proposes a society based on Marxist principles. The rise of the comrades leads to a completely classless society which Marx advocated. There was equality and everybody be treated as the same. He presents this setting of the society in a very bright light, completely in contrast with the grey colours of the previous hierarchal society.
â€œHere and there fire burst forth that was destined to flare up into the flame that would envelop the
Earth with the strong bright feeling of the kinship of all men. It will envelop the earth and scar
it, reducing to ashes the malice, hatred and cruelty that disfigure us, melting all hearts and merging
them in a single heart, the heart of upright, noble men and women linked in a closely-knit friendly
family of free workers.â€(Page 5)