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Mc Luhan Essay

973 words - 4 pages

7. The Canadian Group of SevenThe Group of Seven, also known as the Algonquin School, was a group of Canadian landscape painters from 1920 to 1933, originally consisting of Franklin Carmichael , Lawren Harris , A. Y. Jackson , Frank Johnston , Arthur Lismer, J. E. H. MacDonald and Frederick Varley. Later, A. J. Casson was invited to join in 1926; Edwin Holgate became a member in 1930; and LeMoine FitzGerald joined in 1932.Two artists commonly associated with the group are Tom Thomson (1877-1917) and Emily Carr (1871-1945). Although he died before its official formation, Thomson had a significant influence on the group. Emily Carr was also closely associated with the Group of Seven, though was never an official member. Believing that a distinct Canadian art could be developed through direct contact with nature, The Group of Seven is most ...view middle of the document...

This group received monetary support from Harris and Dr. James MacCallum. Harris and MacCallum jointly built the Studio Building in 1914 in the Rosedale ravine to serve as a meeting and working place for the new Canadian art movement.The informal group was temporarily split up during World War I. A further blow to the group came in 1917 when Thomson died. The circumstances of his death remain mysterious.The seven who formed the original group reunited after the war. They continued to travel throughout Ontario, sketching the landscape and developing techniques to represent it in art. In 1919, they decided to make themselves into a group devoted to a distinct Canadian form of art which did not exist yet, and began to call themselves the Group of Seven. It is unknown who specifically chose these seven men, but believed to have been Harris. Group came to be recognized as pioneers of a new, Canadian, school of art.The members of the Group began to travel elsewhere in Canada for inspiration, including British Columbia, Quebec, Nova Scotia, and the Arctic. After Samuel Gurney Cresswell and other painters on Royal Navy expeditions, these were the first artists of European descent who depicted the Arctic. Soon, the Group made the decision that to be called a "national school of painters" there should be members from outside of Toronto. So, in 1930, Edwin Holgate from Montreal, Quebec became a member and in 1932, also LeMoine Fitzgerald from Winnipeg, Manitoba.The Group's influence was so widespread by the end of 1931, and after J.E.H. MacDonald's death in 1932, they no longer found it necessary to continue as a group of painters. They announced that the Group had been disbanded and that a new association of painters would be formed, known as the Canadian Group of Painters. The Canadian Group-which eventually consisted of the majority of Canada's leading artists-held its first exhibition in 1933, and continued to hold exhibitions almost every year as a successful society until 1967.

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