APA Research Paper (Mirano)
Obesity in Children 1
Short title and page number.
Can Medication Cure Obesity in Children? A Review of the Literature
Luisa Mirano Psychology 108, Section B Professor Kang October 31, XXXX
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Source: Hacker/Sommers (Boston: Bedford/St. Martin’s, 2011, 2006). This paper follows the style guidelines in the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 6th ed. (2010). 5/11
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Obesity in Children 2 Abstract
In recent years, policymakers ...view middle of the document...
” Now more than 9 million children are classified as obese.1 While the traditional response to a medical epidemic is to hunt for a vaccine or a cure-all pill, childhood obesity is more elusive. The lack of success of recent initiatives suggests that medication might not be the answer for the escalating problem. This literature review considers whether the use of medication is a promising approach for solving the childhood obesity problem by responding to the following questions: 1. What are the implications of childhood obesity? 2. Is medication effective at treating childhood obesity? 3. Is medication safe for children? 4. Is medication the best solution? Understanding the limitations of medical treatments for children highlights the complexity of the childhood obesity problem in the United States and underscores the need for physicians,
1Obesity is measured in terms of body-mass index (BMI): Mirano uses a footnote to define an essential term that would be cumbersome to define within the text. Mirano states her thesis. Mirano sets up her organization by posing four questions.
weight in kilograms divided by square of height in meters. A child or an adolescent with a BMI in the 95th percentile for his or her age and gender is considered obese.
Source: Hacker/Sommers (Boston: Bedford/St. Martin’s, 2011, 2006).
Obesity in Children 4
advocacy groups, and policymakers to search for other solutions.
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What Are the Implications of Childhood Obesity? Obesity can be a devastating problem from both an individual and a societal perspective. Obesity puts children at risk for a number of medical complications, including Type 2 diabetes, hypertension, sleep apnea, and orthopedic problems (Henry J.
In a signal phrase, the word “and” links the names of two authors; the date is given in parentheses.
Kaiser Family Foundation, 2004, p. 1). Researchers Hoppin and Taveras (2004) have noted that obesity is often associated with psychological issues such as depression, anxiety, and binge eating (Table 4). Obesity also poses serious problems for a society struggling to cope with rising health care costs. The cost of treating obesity currently totals $117 billion per year—a price, according to the surgeon general, “second only to the cost of [treating] tobacco
Because the author (Carmona) is not named in the signal phrase, his name and the date appear in parentheses.
use” (Carmona, 2004). And as the number of children who suffer from obesity grows, long-term costs will only increase. Is Medication Effective at Treating Childhood Obesity? The widening scope of the obesity problem has prompted medical professionals to rethink old conceptions of the disorder and its causes. As researchers Yanovski and Yanovski (2002) have explained, obesity was once considered “either a moral failing or evidence of underlying psychopathology” (p. 592). But this view has shifted: Many...