Migitation Plan Essay

1850 words - 8 pages

Human Population Page 1 Human Population Mitigation Plan Pamela Scott November, 11, 2008 Human Population Page 2 Overpopulation is defined as the condition where the number of organisms exceeds the carrying capacity of its habitat (reference). This means that though over population can be interpreted to mean ‘too many people’ it is not actually a function of size or density but of the ratio of population to its available resources. There are several factors that contribute to overpopulation. These include an increase in births a decrease in deaths, an increase in immigration into more developed areas, a decrease in emigration from more developed areas and an unsustainable use of ...view middle of the document...

The solutions are to find some way to limit growth or increase the availability of resources. The theory of demographic transition states that after the standard of living and life expectancies in an area increase, the birth rate and family size decrease. This is seen in statistics from the United States comparing the number of children born per woman in the 1950s to 2005. In 1950, the average number of children born to a woman in the United States was 5.02 this number has dropped to 2.65 almost Human Population Page 4 There are social factors that contribute to trends in birth rates in different areas the world. The role of woman in society seems to have an impact on the birth rate of a country. In areas where woman have more equal rights and more educational opportunities, the birth rate has decreased. In addition, in developed countries, more women are entering the workplace and postponing the birth of children until their careers are established. In areas that are male –dominated and woman do not share equal rights where men birth rates are higher. Pressure to produce children, particularly male children, is more likely to be greater in the less developed countries where these pressures exist. Access to birth control as a means to control population is not equal in countries throughout the world. This access can be limited by social, religious, and educational factors. As an example, the Roman Catholic Church frowns on the use of any form of birth control, so countries that are heavenly influenced by the Roman Catholic Church may have higher birth rates than other countries. Also, social pressures like Marxism. Supports higher birth rates. Governments can also influence birth rates in the opposite manner, such as in China where limits are placed on the number of children any couple can have in an attempt to curb the countries over population issues (Barrow, 1999). Human Population Page 5 From 1950-1955, the global average of life expectancy at birth was 46 years. By 2000-2005, that number had increased to 65 years and it is projected to be 75 years by 2045-2050 (United Nations, 2007). There is a difference, however, between developed and less developed countries with respect to life expectancy. In developed countries the average of life expectancy is currently about 75 years. In the least developed countries, this number is under 50 years. These least developed countries, such as the nations in Africa, cite the HIV/AIDS epidemic has having the greatest impact on their population growth of life expectancy. Overpopulation is just a function of birth rate or death rates, but of migration. Population movement from a less developed area to a more developed area can place stresses on the more developed area’s resource in the same manner than an increase in the birth rate would. The United Nations (2007) estimates the net immigration to more developed regions; the death rate is greater than the birth rate by about 7.3 million, so the...

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