Mind And Body Essay

3126 words - 13 pages

Much of the intellectual history of psychology has
involved the attempt to come to grips with the problem
of mind and body and how they interact.

While the philosophical distinction between mind and
body can be traced back to the Greeks, it is due to
the influential work of René Descartes, (written
around the 1630’s) that we owe the first systematic
account of the mind/body relationship. When Descartes'
friend and frequent correspondent, Marin Mersenne,
wrote to him of Galileo's fate at the hands of the
Inquisition, Descartes immediately suppressed his own
treatise. As a result, the world's first extended
essay on physiological psychology was published only
well after ...view middle of the document...

There is no influence of mind on
body or of body on mind.

“In order to retain the notion of God as the one true
cause without sacrificing the idea of causality as
operative in both the mental and the physical spheres,
Benedictus de Spinoza abandoned Descartes'
two-substance view in favor of what has come to be
called double-aspect theory.” Double-aspect theories
are based on the notion that the mental and the
physical are simply different aspects of one and the
same substance. Nonetheless, he agreed with Descartes
that the world of consciousness and that of extension
are qualitatively separate. He believed that
substance, G’d, is the universal essence or nature of
everything that exists. In other words he believed
that mental incidents can determine only other mental
incidents, and physical motions can determine only
other physical motions, “mind and body nonetheless
exist in pre-established coordination, since the same
divine essence forms the connections within both
classes and cannot be self-contradictory.” These
dual-aspect theories go went through a resurgence
during the 19th century.

Another view introduced by Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz
was that of psychophysical parallelism, which holds on
to both the dualism of mind and body and the notion of
a regular correlation between mental and physical
events. This view, however, avoids any assumption of
an underlying mind/body connection. It believes that
mind and body are so different, that they cannot
affect one another. They do, however, recognize the
fact that every mental event is correlated with a
physical event.

During the 18th century, the problem of re-relating
mind and body arose. George Berkely talked about the
view of immaterialism in which “he denies even the
possibility of mindless material substance. For
something to exist for Berkeley it must either be
perceived or is the active mind doing the perceiving.
>From this perspective, there is no mind/body
distinction because what we think of as body is merely
the perception of mind. While Berkeley had few
contemporary adherents, immaterialism was to resurface
in the later 19th century in the guise of mind- stuff

As the 19th century progressed, the problem of the
relationship between mind and brain became
increasingly present. This is palpable especially in
texts after 1860. To a large extent, this directly
reflected two major developments that converged to
impress philosophers and psychologists with the
centrality of the mind/brain problem. “The formal
beginning of psychology as a modern science came in
1879 when Wilhelm Wundt founded, in Leipzig, Germany,
the first laboratory devoted to experimental
psychology.” Together with Hermann con Helmholtz and
Gustav Fechner, they founded the school of psychology
now labeled determinism. Determinism is based on the
idea that...

Other Essays Like Mind and Body

Cartestian Dualism vs. the Identity Theory

1264 words - 6 pages Cartesian Dualism vs. the Identity Theory Dualism is a view that attempts to explain the relationship between mind and matter. Aristotle and Plato have tackled their version on dualism. Cartesian means “pertaining to the thought of Descartes” according to Edward Feser, “Philosophy of Mind.” Cartesian Dualism originates from Rene Descartes whose version of dualism is well known and an accepted explanation of the mind and body being vastly

Dualism Essay

977 words - 4 pages Rene Descartes has generated many arguments proving that the mind and body are two separate realities, but none stronger than his "Argument from Consciousness". Due to the fact that Descartes states that the mind is a thinking thing and the body is not, the two entities cannot be the same. By proving that the mind is capable of such feats as knowing, questioning, imagining and wishing we are able to better understand the differences between the

A Look Inside the Brain-Housing Area

1240 words - 5 pages mind, memories and traits and characteristics. If this were if at all possible, the receiving person would no longer have their original mind or memory of being their original self or anyone else for that matter. Brain state regulates and controls the body’s activities, receiving and decoding sensory impulses and communicating information to the muscles and body organs. The brain employs the ability to live and function. It is but an

Sociology Questions

1080 words - 5 pages . b) Why might it be important and suggested to study the relevant history prior to studying a subject of "mind/body"?  It is important to study the relevant history prior to studying a subject of "mind/body" in order to know the type of hypothesis or philosopher to use. c) How would a “dualist” (brain/body-mind)” argue against a “monist-materialist” approach?  A dualist would dispute the “monist-materialist” approach that matter and

Legal 500 Assignment 1

1029 words - 5 pages , and then we captivate with our attitude. Your attitude is a combination of body language, and facial expressions. Even when we are not trying to send a message, there is a message that is being read by the person to whom we are speaking. Attitude is a state of mind that delivers to the body and face what positions need to be portrayed. If your attitude is positive, the body and face delivers positive language and expressions. On the other hand, if

Ethics And It

611 words - 3 pages ------------------------------------------------- Mind and body Body Fat and Eating Disorders November 4, 2014 SCI/241 Lorraine Sutter November 4, 2014 SCI/241 Lorraine Sutter Samantha Porting Samantha Porting “Body composition refers to the relative proportions of fat and lean tissue that make up the body, affects the risks associated with excess body weight. Having more than the recommended percentage of body

This Room and Love After Love

519 words - 3 pages last lines of the poem and are significant because they describe how his body his body may not be perfect but now he has left his physical body and acknowledged his spiritual body and mind. The feeling of elation and the action of having an appifiany is a similar feeling and action that the poet 'Derek Walcott' is describing in 'Love After Love' The time will come When, with elation, You will greet yourself arriving At your own door

Two Differents Types of Stress

609 words - 3 pages There are two different kinds of stress. They both affect the body and the mind differently. Acute stress occurs when the nervous system is activated to stimulate the adrenal glands which cause the heart rate to increase as well as the blood pressure and breathing rate. After this happens it takes the body approximately 20 to 60 minutes to return to its normal state. (Lyle H. Miller, 2013). This response is also known as the flight or fight

Body Image

924 words - 4 pages saw it from my childhood, and I believe that knowing this helped me to succeed in my life. My mother raised me trying to instill in me good manners and good taste. I attended music school and ballet school. It never was about putting my body image on a pedestal. It was about becoming intelligent, inside as well as outside. It was about having understanding between my body and my mind. I was always aware about how body image can work, and this

Water Is Beauty

884 words - 4 pages Water is Beauty The body human is remarkable piece of work. There are many factors that contribute to the form and function of the human body. Thinking of how the body is made and how we are able to live. What comes to mind is “Water.” Water is important to the body form and function. It contributes to it all. Water is just like the oil‘s function in a car. Oils function in a car: Oil is used for lubrication of many internal combustion

Effects of Meth

1463 words - 6 pages that were legal at that time. When the mind tells one body that it is not tired, the results can include sluggishness, involuntary body movements and irritability. After a long period of time the user can become violent and act out in behavior that a normal person who does not use Methamphetamine can control. This is one effect that the central nervous system has, including ones cardiovascular problems. Methamphetamine abuse has a

Related Papers

Mind And Body Essay

931 words - 4 pages , however, in the future, it is a possibility. As we learn more about the mind, the more complex we have to make computers to ensure the performance will not drop. In conclusion, I do not believe it is possible to transfer the mind to a computer, I believe they have a better chance at making the body last longer than normal with modern medicine. Downloading a mind to a computer can be dangerous, because we would have to take into account that there will be people out in the world that want to harm others, and then does this play another question that needs to be answered, can emotions be transferred as well, and if so, how will they function.

Playing Music For Mind And Body

997 words - 4 pages Playing Music for Mind & Body (LAE1) When the notion of playing music in a band is brought up, often times it conjures up images of the lewd and crude rock star lifestyle. At least, this is what we’ve come to expect to see from the media. But what most people don’t realize is that playing music can have a significant positive impact on an individual’s health, mental well-being and even IQ. A study from the New York Academy of

Mind And Body 2 Essay

644 words - 3 pages are better off ramping up their protection against bacterial infection, which is a bigger relative risk to them. What Dr Cole seems to have revealed, then, is a mechanism by which the environment (in this case the social environment) reaches inside a person’s body and tweaks its genome so that it responds appropriately. It is not that the lonely and the gregarious are genetically different from each other. Rather, their genes are regulated

How Successful Are Descartes Arguments For The Real Distinction Between Mind And Body? Upon Which Would You Place Most Weight?

2530 words - 11 pages Let me begin by explaining the theory of the real distinction of mind from body.Rene Descartes was a dualist, he believed that the mind is an immaterial thing and is distinct from the body. He believed that the mind is not the body, is not dependant upon the body and so can exist without the body. It is however my opinion that Descartes is not saying 'when the body dies the mind will endure and exist separately' (it might very well have those