Mine Okubo's Citizen 13660 Japanese Americans Have No Rights

799 words - 4 pages

Mine Okubo's Citizen 13660 - Japanese Americans Have No Rights

“We hold these truths to be self-evident…”(Weiler). As stated in the Declaration of Independence, all American citizens are “endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Right ”(Weiler) website. However, the United States did not hold true to this promise when removing all Nisei, Japanese Americans, from the pacific coast and transporting them to various relocation centers. In these relocation centers, the Nisei, also referred to as evacuees, were burdened to live in harsh environments, secluded from the outside world. The novel Citizen 13660 describes how the United States stripped the Nisei of their ...view middle of the document...

Also, when taken to the relocation camps, the Nisei lost all representation in the United States government. They no longer had a representative to tell about problems with the camp or to even protest being there. By being relocated they lost their right to vote a representative.

In the United States, it is illegal to hold a person against their will without probable cause yet the Issei and Nisei were both stripped from their homes and brought to a foreign location. They were no longer referred to by the birth names but after a brief interview given a number which was now the family name. They left behind all of their belonging and had to make “necessary arrangements to have [their] household property stored by the government” (Okubo 19). At no one point did any of these people commit any sort of crime or act of hostility after the events of Pearl Harbor that would even give reasonable suspicion as to espionage. According to Amendment IV of the United States Constitution, “The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated” (“The American Presidency”). However, the United States did not oblige to this right and still kept the Nisei and Issei in the relocation camps with unfrequented visits into regular American towns and cities.

The living conditions that the United States made the Nisei and Issei live in were...

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