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Misuse Of Drugs And Schizophrenia Essay

2004 words - 9 pages

Ivonn Garcia
English 103
Professor Leonido
December 5, 2015

The Misuse of Drugs and Schizophrenia

Schizophrenia, a brain disorder in which the person interprets reality abnormally. Patients with schizophrenia may hear voice other’s do not hear, they fear others can read their mind or their thoughts. Therefore most of them rely on others for help whether it is traveling to places or simply just making sure they take their medication. Schizophrenics are mostly medicated with anti-psychotics, made to treat severe mental illness. Sometimes these patients stop taking their medication because of the side effects. A side effect that anti-psychotics has is major sensitivity to the sun which ...view middle of the document...

” Later another psychiatrist, Adolf Meyer, argues that dementia is not biological but a “mental illness that is triggered by psychosocial phenomena” for example someone can obtain this illness by stress or having a difficult childhood. By the late 1900’s schizophrenia has its first anti-psychotic, chlorpromazine, which was approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration as well as recognizing five subtypes of schizophrenia informing the list of symptoms, DSM, such as disorganized, catatonic, paranoid, residual and undifferentiated. Writers even began to publish about famous people who suffered from this such as John Forbes Nash Jr., F. Scott Fitzgerald’s wife and a play by Tennessee Williams. By 2010, researchers in Cambridge argue that not only does schizophrenia affect the brain but the body as well. As the years go by the publication of DSM continues to make certain changes on how a patient is a diagnosed with schizophrenia. They must present certain symptoms, for example “exhibit delusions, hallucination, experience motor difficulties, social withdrawal or lack of emotional responsiveness”
Drugs can induce a feeling of pleasure and can often be used as a way to cope with any problems. Therefore people suffering from schizophrenia should not use any illegal drugs or stimulants (both legal and illegal) as a way to self-medicate because it leads to substance abuse problems which is very common in schizophrenics, it will interfere with anti-psychotic medication and it will ultimately increase the severity of the symptoms. Schizophrenia is a common, misunderstood condition that must be treated with sensitivity. This disorder is caused by high levels of the neurotransmitter, which are brain chemicals that communicate information throughout our brain and body, such as dopamine. The misuse of drugs can make schizophrenia develop much faster. Though drugs are also widely used as a substitute for psychotic medications people tend to take advantage and use them improperly. Anti-psychotics work by antagonizing the neurotransmitter dopamine.
In “Reasons for illicit drug use in people with schizophrenia” it states schizophrenics use drugs “to achieve intoxication, to enhance the ability to socialize with others, to self-medicate for positive and negative symptoms of schizophrenia and to relieve dysphoric mood” this shows the multiple reasons why sufferers use drugs. In this case we are talking about their drug of choice which is usually stimulants (both legal and illegal) and cannabis. In the long run these drugs will only make the situation worse for the individual.
Sufferers use drugs because it gives them the sense that they can control their voices and their surroundings a lot better. This leads to substance abuse problems. For example in the article “Reasons for Illicit Drug Use in People with Schizophrenia” it states “some participants were using stimulants to enable them to engage in activities, this may lead to a vicious cycle”, this quote is...

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