Modern Development of Japan
CHY 4U West and the World
During 18th century, under the influence of imperialism, the European nations came to control much of the world’s geography and its people. Japan, However, not only effectively resisted the imperial powers but transformed its feudal society into a modern, western-style nation under the Meiji government. Japan accomplished ...view middle of the document...
At this time, Japanese politics divided into serve small parties lead by western-style leaders. To further strengthen the authority of the parties, Itagaki suggests the emperor reform the states. Finally, the emperor signed the Imperial Diet in 1889. In the agreement, he agreed to share his authority and giving rights and liberties to his subjects. Party participation was recognized as part of the political process. After the Diet, Meiji government successfully transfer to a western-style based government with part of traditional Japanese monarchy.
Japan modernized its economy with a extremely high speed. Under the new Meiji government, Japan played a important rule in the world trade. There are two main reasons for the changes of Japanese economy: the employment of over 3000 foreign experts in a variety of specialist fields such as teaching English, Science, Engineering, the army and navy ect; and the dispatch of many Japanese students overseas to Europe and America. With a new economy policy that based on western-style management. Japan gradually took control of most of Asia’s market for manufactured products, beginning with textile. The economic structure became very mercantilistic, importing raw materials and exporting finished goods. In Meiji period, the ruler embraced the concept of market economy and adopted British and North American forms of free enterprise capitalism. Japan’s economy changes include a unified modern currency based on the Yen, banking, commercial and tax laws, stock exchange, and a communications network. Also Meiji government completely abundant the old bakufu trading system. The government was initially involved in economic modernization, providing a number of "model factories" to facilitate the transition to the modern period. Based on the growing economy, Japan successfully resisted the western imperial powers that will control Asia market.
Japan resisted the imperial powers also because Japan had a strong, modernized military. At the beginning of the Edo period, Tokugawa government built the first western-style warships. In 1885, a navel training school with Dutch instructors was set up at Nagasaki and the first western-style military school was established at Edo. But the military itself still based on the old daimyo system that the...