Module 6 Reading Comprehension Essay

2848 words - 12 pages


Reading Comprehension Strategies

Kimberly A. Rossetti
Grand Canyon University
EED 470 – Curriculum, Methods, and Assessment: Literacy and Language Arts K-3
March 14, 2012

Reading Comprehension Strategies
Studies reveal that teaching and instruction utilizing illustrative or visual organizers and templates that are representational, portray associations or connections among concepts. Presenting such graphic matrices as an introduction primes students to commence their learning processes toward a forthcoming educator instruction or assignment (Jitendra & Gajria, 2011).
The following will review various graphic ...view middle of the document...

Rationale: The use of the Hamburger writing organizer causes students to organize their thoughts regarding a story or text that they have read into organized and cohesive paragraphs. By presenting the organizer to the students prior to their reading of an assignment, they will be more focused on reading to obtain the needed parts to complete the chart. If part of the filling is omitted, it is an indication that the student did not fully comprehend the assigned reading. In utilizing this graphic organizer will assist students on the method of composing a closing sentence that reaffirms the topic or opening sentence. In addition, it provides a demonstration of the formation of concrete means of how students related the information from the story (Reading Rockets, 2012)

Venn Diagram
Venn Diagram

Summary: Venn diagrams are a very simplistic graphic organizer that triggers the higher order thinking or HOT skills that students already possess, yet do not always implement. Utilizing a Venn diagram is a concrete approach to compare and contrast characteristics or facts. This type of diagram provides students with probability to recognize and classify information from two sources or information about two entities that are different yet similar, such as igneous vs. sedimentary rocks (McConnell, Steer, & Owens, 2003). In most cases, this type of diagram is implemented after reading. If used prior to reading, the Venn Diagram is a beneficial learning tool that leads to improved reading comprehension.
Rationale: When implemented prior to reading, the teacher can assess what knowledge the student already possesses about the topic. Once students have finished reading the assignment, they should be directed to go back and review their diagram and modify the diagram as needed to include any additional knowledge acquired (Jitendra & Gajria, 2011). Implementation of a Venn diagram also allows the teacher to assess the direction class discussions should follow to encourage further insight and comprehension on the part of the students.

Fishbone Diagram or Cause & Effect
Fishbone Diagram or Cause & Effect

Summary: A Fishbone Diagram is a graphic or pictorial drawing or model that distinctly demonstrates the connection between a subject or theme and several aspects that are interconnected. The silhouette of the diagram resembles the bones of a fish or in this case, the framework of story and the relation of the topics and factors contained within the passages. (McCrudden, Schraw, & Lehman, 2009). A great story to diagram using this method with younger students is “Tucker the Turtle”. When Tucker gets upset and angry he used to kick, hit, and scream at his friends. Instead, he has learned to tuck into his shell and takes time to think. In the story, Tucker gets angry; tucking his head into his shell is the cause. The effect is that when he takes the time, while in his shell he calms down by taking three deep breaths and comes up with...

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