Research Methods and Methodologies in Accounting and Management
Using a topic from the attached list, develop a fully justified research question and objectives.
Your answer should review the relevant literature in the field, explain how your research
question fits into that literature, and explain the need for, and importance of, your proposed
Motivation In The 21st Century-----Are People really Motivated?
To differentiate motivation as an encouragement or manipulation.
2. Understand if people are motivated in the same way.
3. How relevant job design is to motivation.
4. Ascertain if people really motivated at work.
In the1960’s, Employers were faced with the major role of ensuring that their employees were happy and all stimulated to work at all times. The traditional definition of motivation was aimed to create satisfaction for their employees at their respective place of work. F.Taylor, a researcher in the 1960’s suggested that worker’s pay was the ultimate motivator for any individual. Some researchers were of the opinion that if the needs of employees are identified, Mangers can influence this needs to bring out the best performance from the employee. In the 1970’s, workers became more involved in the organization thereby paving way for democracy in organizations. The reinvention of the early theories took place between the 1980’s and 1990’s bringing in the use of teamwork, employee empowerment, culture promotion and enhancement of the quality of the management.
At the dawn of the millennium (Year 2000), the rise of a new economy came into reality accompanied with the development of intellectual capital and knowledge management (Howe 1997). Management started viewing motivation as a strategy to challenge the worker to work more and increase the performance of the organization there by manipulating the workers under the influence of motivating them.
Motivation As Encouragement or Manipulation
One of the concepts of motivation was primarily to meet the needs of workers so that they may in turn work efficiently and improve the overall performance of the organization whilst gaining satisfaction. According to Maslow’s theory of the hierarchy of needs, this says that individual motivating factor is self-actualization, responsibility and achievement.However, Seivers (1986:357) argued that it appears to him that Maslow’s notion of self actualization was never used in management and organization theory. This can be seen in various workplaces today, employees cannot act on their own and gain self achievement. Rather, the management use motivation as a means to exert power and force in a subtle manner (Linstead et.al 2009: 411-12).In this context, motivation as a weapon of manipulation is very apparent
Motivation In The Present Day Organization.
Motivation in the contemporary workplace seeks to use the cotent theories which assumes that everyone has similar need that can be met with one motivating factor. Though we have some similarities between this the various motivational theories, what may motivate employee “A” may not motivate employee “B”. Factors such as life experience, culture, gender, age differ between individuals (Linstead et.al.2009:465). This poses a problem for the organization because people are not motivated in the same way and for those
who are motivated, are they really motivated?