University of Phoenix Material
Motivation and Emotion Worksheet
Resources: Ch. 7 & 8 of Discovering Psychology and Motivation and Emotion – Interactive Tutorial
Discuss the following as a team and provide a brief summary of the each discussion. The word count for individual answers may vary but your responses should total 500- to 800-words for the entire worksheet.
Describe three approaches to motivation. Explain how each approach affects motivation.
Motivation is the biological, emotional, cognitive, or social forces that activate and direct behavior (Hockenbury D.H. & Hockenbury S.E., 2014, p. 318). The approaches to motivation are the instinct, drive, incentive, ...view middle of the document...
Humanistic theory is the view that emphasizes the importance of psychological and cognitive factors in motivation, especially the notion that people are motivated to realize their personal potential (Hockenbury D.H. & Hockenbury S.E., 2014, p. 322). The humanistic theory of motivation suggests the idea that people also have strong cognitive reasons to perform various actions.
Theorists vary on why we experience emotions. Discuss at least two different theories related to emotional experiences.
Emotion is a complex psychological state that involves a subjective experience, a physiological response, and a behavioral or expressive response (Hockenbury D.H. & Hockenbury S.E., 2014, p. 346). The theories related to emotional experiences are the James-Lange theory, and the Schachter-Singer theory.
James–Lange theory of emotion is the theory that emotions arise from the perception of body changes (Hockenbury D.H. & Hockenbury S.E., 2014, p. 357). According to this theory, you see an external stimulus that leads to a physiological reaction. Your emotional reaction is dependent upon how you interpret those physical reactions.
Schachter-Singer theory or two-factor theory of emotion is the theory that emotion is the interaction of physiological arousal and the cognitive label that we apply to explain the arousal (Hockenbury D.H. & Hockenbury S.E., 2014, p. 359). This theory suggests that the physiological arousal occurs first, and then the individual must identify the reason behind this arousal in order to experience and label it as an emotion.
Choose one positive and one negative emotion related to being a student. Provide one example for each of how these emotions may affect your performance in class.
Based on figure 8.3 on page 347, the basic emotions are fear, disgust, surprise, happiness, anger, and sadness. Basic emotions are the most fundamental set
of emotion categories, which are biologically innate, evolutionarily determined, and culturally universal (Hockenbury D.H. & Hockenbury S.E., 2014, p. 346-347).
A positive emotion related to being a student is happiness. I feel happy when I have taken pride in, worked hard for, and received a good grade. This in turn keeps me motivated. A negative emotion related to being a student is fear. I sometimes fear that my work will not be good enough, that I will receive a poor grade, or that I just don’t have enough...