Motivation And Its Impact On Performance Of The Employees

3113 words - 13 pages

The research focuses on Motivation and Its Impact on Performance of the Employees. Motivation is derived from the concept of hedonism, which means that humans always search for joy and comfort and want to save themselves from tension and pain. (Kamal, Khan, Khan and Khan, 2006)
Li quoted ,
Motivation is a general term applying to the entire class of drives,
desires, needs, and wishes. It is essentially a process by which an
individual attempts to satisfy certain needs by engaging in various
behaviors. A motivated behavior is goal-directed, sustained, and is
a result from internal needs and drives. Not all behavior is motivated,
but most of work behavior is motivated. ...view middle of the document...

(Kamal et al., 2006)
"Manager should consider both financial and non-financial tools for attracting, motivating and retaining employees". (Rynes, Gerhart and Minette, 2004, p.392)

An unsatisfied need creates tension, which stimulates drives within the individual. These drives generate a search to find particular goals that, if attained, will satisfy the need and lead to the reduction of tension. (Kamal et al., 2006)

The principal agent model of agency theory explains that when employment contract is to be made, monetary rewards should be given special importance because individual is always motivated by monetary incentives. By decreasing the monetary incentives, the employee's intrinsic motivation will be decreased. (Arocena and Villanueva, 2003)
The intensity of motivation may vary from person to person and it depends upon needs for achievement. Self actualization and achievement needs are one of the factors of intrinsic motivation. Self actualization helps in developing individual. Intrinsic motivation is the pure enjoyment and desire to grow. If the internal pressure (intrinsic motivation) is high, then results produced will be better. It also helps in growth and personal development of an individual. (Arocena and Villanueva, 2003; Gagne and Deci, 2005).)
If the potential of the employee is more than that of the job requirement than employee feels his self punished. Another factor is qualification, if the poorer qualification holder gets good job in firm as compared with the person who is having good qualification then the good qualification holder will perform worse because he is demotivated internally. (Arocena and Villanueva, 2003)
A survey done by David Sirota shows that in start of job employees are motivated but afterwards the morale of the employees starts declining and this only happens because of the mismanagement of the managers. (Sirota, Mischkind and Meltzer, 2006)
Sirota, Mischkind, and Meltzer (2006) have mentioned three goals to maintain a firm because of these goals employees will feel their self-motivated, these goals are job security and pay benefits should be given on fair basis, should feel proud on achievements, should have good relationship with fellow employees. They have further divided these goals into different sections. They say that mangers should praise their employees when they perform their job well. This will increase their morale and they will feel that some one is there who cares. There should be frequent, personal and supportive discussion with employees, special arrangements on social and personal events and incentives. Always give feedback on employee's work (Sirota, Mischkind and Meltzer, 2006; Alexy and Leitner, 2008; Chowdhury, 2007; Kamal et al., 2006).

Managers should thank employees on their efforts, always encourage them and as a reward give them lunch, promotion but if the employees are not doing their job well give them suggestions to improve their performance in a way...

Other Essays Like Motivation And Its Impact On Performance Of The Employees

Overall Monetary Policy of the Government and Its Impact on the Macro Economic Objectives

1202 words - 5 pages Overall Monetary Policy of the Government and its Impact on the Macro Economic Objectives 1. Introduction to the Monetary Policy The Monetary Policy of any country is an important one, as it defines the role and establishment of a central bank within a country and through it attempts to regulate and manage the money supply within an economy in order to achieve specific goals such as Constraining Inflation or Deflation

Microsoft Kinect and Its Impact on the Future of Health Care

1245 words - 5 pages the way many areas of healthcare is practiced and as more innovations emerge will continue to play a role in the changing face of healthcare. Introduced to the public in 2010, Microsoft Kinect is a wireless game controller that allows humans to interact with their computers using movements, gestures and voice commands (Terry). Released as an attachment to a video game, its potential in health care became evident quickly. Surgeons at a

Life's Impact on Motivation

1269 words - 6 pages Life’s impact on Motivation What is motivation? Motivation is defined as “a force or influence that causes someone to do something”. In life we all have lots of motivations and these include money, fame knowledge etc. There are two types of motivation which are extrinsic and intrinsic. Extrinsic motivations are driven from external rewards like money and intrinsic motivation is driven from things like the desire to work. Throughout my

The Economic Crisis and Its Impact on Defense

890 words - 4 pages THE ECONOMIC CRISIS AND ITS IMPACT ON EUROPEAN AND CYPRUS DEFENSE By Dr Aristos Aristotelous The relentless question of prioritizing and allocating scarce national resources to unlimited uses and requirements becomes even harder in times of economic crisis. In Cyprus - as in other EU countries - the tragic state of the economy and the need to exit from the crisis, brings unbearable pressure on military spending and is impacting on priorities

Biophilia and Its Impact on the Human Species

728 words - 3 pages Brandon Moore Biophilia and its impact on the Human Species November 7, 2014 Dr. Henry Zeidan Biology and Society BIO1050 Life on this planet is defined and shaped by a never ending cycle of relationships, and happenings. From live birth, to photosynthesis, to the purification of water, every single element or organism on this planet interacts and bonds with something else in order to produce another creation. As humans we are born with

Globalization and Its Impact on Humanity

2194 words - 9 pages Qadry: ID# 11499 Date: 12/3/2012 Zahra Aziz: ID# Course: English 115 Globalization and Its Impact on Culture, Economy, and Information Technology Introduction: The world is not constant forever. People reside in different parts of the world; adopt many changes into their life styles and social structure over time that causes the world to change. Almost all the people in this world are somehow engaged in a huge network invented by

Junk Food and Its Impact on Health

2602 words - 11 pages Junk Food and Its Impact on Health Pamela Gambrell DeVry University Junk Food and Its Impact on Health Michael was a man in his 30’s when I first met him. He had everything to live for: a beautiful wife and two gorgeous children. He was also morbidly obese and had a multitude of health problems. His biggest health problem? He had diabetes mellitus and was very noncompliant with his diet. He often came into the hospital with blood glucose

The Impact Of Some Selected Factors In Cooperative Learning On The Improvement Of Academic Performance And Social Behavior Among Grade Five Students At A Primary School – THE THEORY

981 words - 4 pages development of more advanced ways of understanding and dealing with the world.In addition to achievement outcomes, researchers, as indicated in the review of literature, have also assessed the impact of cooperative learning on problem-solving. Given the complex nature of problem-solving and the multiple resources that a cooperative learning group has at its disposal, one would logically expect cooperative learning to have a positive effect on

Educational Policiy and Its Impact on Practices in the Learning and Skills Sector

3298 words - 14 pages EDUCATIONAL POLICIY AND ITS IMPACT ON PRACTICES IN THE LEARNING AND SKILLS SECTOR INTRODUCTION In this assignment I will outline the current context of post-compulsory education (PCET) and ESOL and identify how key policies are currently influencing practice. I will then examine the Skills for Life policy, how it has been implemented at Harrow College, my own role in the implementation of this policy and its current and

3.1 - Discuss the Impact That Different Leadership Styles May Have on Motivation in Organizations in Periods of Change

2257 words - 10 pages organization and its performance. Leadership styles have different types and each type has its own impact on motivation in work and it will be discussed below. • Persuasive: in this leadership style the manger make decisions but it will be explained to the subordinates. When the manger explains the decision to the subordinates, he will attempt to motivate them to carry them out willingly. • Participative: In this style mangers take their employees

Pay for Performance: Effect on Employee Motivation

4135 words - 17 pages Pay for Performance: It’s Effect on Employee Motivation Name Course Title Professor’s Name Date Pay for Performance: The Effect on Employee Motivation Managers are continuously looking for ways to motivate their employees. Many methods have been tried and many methods have failed. Consequentially, human resource professionals and managers continue to work to develop effective performance management systems which serve to

Related Papers

The Effect Of Benefits Package On Employees’ Performance

4144 words - 17 pages the impact of the compensation package on employees’ performance. 1.3 Background of Ethio Telecom The Ethiopia Telecommunications Corporation (ETC) was originally established in 1952, and since that time has been Ethiopia’s sole telecommunications provider. In 2006, ETC took a major step towards modernizing its outdated infrastructure, signing contracts worth US$2.4 billion with three major Chinese companies—ZTE, Huawei, and China

Motivation Of Employees Essay

2509 words - 11 pages rather than what the manager values. One individual may value a salary increase while another might prefer a promotion i.e. more responsibility or esteem. The unique insight developed by Vroom is that individual goals influence individual performance and levels of motivation i.e. Are employees getting what they expect to get? This of brings us back to where we started: i.e. What do employees want? Summary 1. It's pretty clear that there are

Class Size And Its Effect On The Academic Performance Of The Pupils In Sies And Oies

4163 words - 17 pages benefit most in terms of academic outcomes from small classes. They added that it is because they better help children adjust to school and receive individual attention. As cited by Narayan Prasad Kafle, a study conducted by Odden reveals that class size has a notable impact on student achievement. The smaller the class size; the improved performance is achieved. Moreover, same author cited that It seems likely that bigger classes will decrease

Essay On Liberalization And Its Impact On The Indian Economy

4626 words - 19 pages to be considered is the large number of people in the country living on the poverty line. To make any reform process socially acceptable a poverty alleviation programme must be in. In the context of resource constraints, a serious thinking has to be done as to the extent and pace of economic reforms. Conclusion: India has to go through a painful period of adjustment before the liberalization can have its fruitful impact upon the economy. In