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Motivation Theories Essay

611 words - 3 pages

Gabriela Tunney
MAN 301
Written Assignment 5 Part 1
Motivation Theories
Companies rely on their employees to produce products or provide services in a timely fashion. While employees can easily learn the tasks and procedures required to carry out their roles, organizations can benefit from providing motivational incentives for a good job performance. A motivated employee is someone that works hard because they feel fulfilled when they do so. Motivation is defined as the result of the interaction of a person’s internal needs and external influences, which determine how a person will behave (Plunkett, 2008). Businesses with unmotivated employees often face low productivity and high turnover rates. Multiple theories help explain how workers are motivated and provide suggestions for how to increase motivation in the workplace. Motivation is an important area of business research and there are two categories of motivation theories: content theories and ...view middle of the document...

Maslow first introduced his concept of a hierarchy of needs in his 1943 paper, "A Theory of Human Motivation" and in his subsequent book, Motivation and Personality. This hierarchy suggests that people are motivated to fulfill basic needs before moving on to other, more advanced needs (Cherry). Maslow's hierarchy of needs contains five levels that often shape motivation styles in an organization. To motivate employees, an organization must move up the pyramid of needs to ensure all of an employee's needs are met. The bottom of the pyramid contains physiological needs such as food, sleep and shelter, which are the most vital. Maslow believed that these needs are the most basic and instinctive needs in the hierarchy because all other needs become secondary when these physiological needs are met. Safety and security makes up the second level in the pyramid. Some examples of security needs include a desire for steady employment, health care and shelter. Social needs make up the third level and these include needs for belonging, love and affection. The top two levels of the pyramid include esteem and self-actualization, these include the need for things that reflect on self-esteem, personal worth, social recognition, accomplishment and interested fulfilling their potential (Cherry).
Successful organizations focus on the top two levels of the pyramid by providing employees with the necessary recognition and developing opportunities for employees to feel they are doing valuable work and reaching their potential with the company. That’s precisely what we receive in my workplace. The state always makes sure that all of their employees receive all their benefits and are in a proper working environment. They make sure that our primary necessities as human beings are supplied and that as their employees; we are receiving recognition for any good work performance. In return, as the employees, we work harder to reach the goals our division requests for any short or long term goals.

Works Cited
Plunkett, W. (2008). Management meeting and exceeding customer expectations. (9th ed.).
Mason OH: Thomsom South-Western.
Cherry , K. (n.d.). Retrieved from:

http://psychology.about.com/od/theoriesofpersonality/a/hierarchyneeds.htm.

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