This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Motivational Strategies: Achieving Optimum Performance Essay

1948 words - 8 pages

The changing needs of today’s employees and the rising costs of retraining and replacing key employees are driving the need for more creative motivational strategies. Management must strive to get the best possible results from their staff using strategies that will develop a commitment to excellence and also to the success of the company. Successful companies use a variety of popular strategies. It is very common to see several different motivational strategies, which may be derived from separate theories, working together at the same time.
Theories of Motivation
In order to discuss the many motivational strategies employed in today’s business environment, we have to understand ...view middle of the document...

Finally, Reinforcement Perspectives centers on the use of rewards and punishments as motivators and de-motivators (Griffin, 2006, p.336). This perspective can be related to operant conditioning, a behaviorist theory popularized by clinical psychologist B.F. Skinner. Skinner theorized that human behavior is motivated by external stimuli (rewards and punishments) (Strickler, 2006). According to Skinner, operant conditioning is the continuous shaping of a behavior by using a “reinforcer” or stimulus that follows a response that increases the likeliness of the behavior recurring (Pervin & John, 2001, p.362). These reinforcers can ultimately be motivators or de-motivators.
Different Strategies at Work
Companies must attract quality personnel, cultivate high productivity with low absenteeism, maintain a positive working environment, provide effective training and problem-solving techniques, and strive to retain key people. Successful managers use strategies from all three of the basic perspectives in order to accommodate the wide variety of employee needs. For instance, most people work to fill basic human needs as outlined in Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs. This falls under the theories included in Content Perspectives. At the same time people are also motivated by the rewards of a job included in the theories of Reinforcement Perspectives. This motivation usually emerges as a result of what they expect to receive due to the effort they expend doing their job. This is known as the expectancy theory and is part of the Process Perspective. While there are many theories, it is important to note that these motivating factors can work together to create the commitment from employees that will enhance the overall synergy of an organization.
Popular Motivational Strategies
Businesses and organizations depend on management to use a variety of motivational strategies to inspire their employees to meet the company’s goals. Some of the most common strategies include empowerment and participation, alternative forms of work arrangements, various forms of performance-based reward systems (Griffin, 2006, p.340) and training and career development.
Empowerment and Participation
Empowerment and participation is especially important as a motivating factor for a variety of reasons. Employees are skillful at making decisions that are related to the type of work they do on a regular basis. This element makes them a valuable asset to management. As the “experts” in the area in which they work, employees can provide valuable input that may enhance management’s decision-making and overall company development. The rewarding experience of taking part in making a decision, executing it, and then seeing the positive consequences that follow can help to satisfy one’s need for achievement, provide recognition, while also enhancing their self-esteem (Griffin, 2006, p.338). In an empowered organization, employees feel responsible beyond their...

Other Essays Like Motivational Strategies: Achieving Optimum Performance

Employee Motivation Essay

1369 words - 6 pages prefer the experience of working abroad than locally as the foreign employer advocate the importance of not only work, but also the employee’s needs.(TODAY, 15 March 07). Before discussing the motivational strategies, a simplistic approach will be taken, using Hackman Oldham’s Job Characteristics Model, which defines the workforce into two categories. The first category consist of staff in job settings which are low in skill variety, task identity

Motivation And Its Impact On Performance Of The Employees

3113 words - 13 pages in employees. Aesthetic sense mean sense of art and culture .Aesthetic values should depict organizational goals. The researcher has taken aesthetic as a motivational factor for enhancing g employee's performance. (Bjerke, Ind and Paoli, 2007) The researcher has taken interview from the employees of Telenor Company and the results show that the aesthetic changes made by company have positive effect on their performance. So it was concluded

Leadership

530 words - 3 pages business a higher productivity rate. Motivation can help improve employee performance, and help the organization reach its objectives. Planning can improve effective decision making Motivational strategies can help improve employee performance, reduce the chances of low employee morale, encourage teamwork and instill a positive attitude during challenging times. Employees with a high level of motivation typically work harder and can overcome

Workplace Motivation

2080 words - 9 pages motivational strategies affect productivity at Sandals Resorts. This paper will also explain the organizational efforts used to improve performance, employees’ resistance to increasing productivity, and the management philosophy of motivation and practices. In addition, this paper will identify and analyze the implications of applying a few motivational theories not currently in practice at Sandals Resorts. Finally, this paper will describe how motivational

Motivation Action Plan

628 words - 3 pages University of Phoenix Material Employee Portfolio: Motivation Action Plan Determine the motivational strategy or strategies that would likely be most appropriate for each of your three employees on basis of their individual characteristics. Indicate how you would leverage their employee evaluations to motivate each of the three employees. Describe one or more of the motivational theories and explain how the theories connect to each

Company Management

2320 words - 10 pages customer segments Analyze the company's strengths and weaknesses relative to competitors and determine which elements of the value chain the company should make versus buy Identify and evaluate alternative strategies Develop an advantageous business model that will profitably differentiate the company from its competitors Define stakeholder expectations and establish clear and compelling objectives for the business Prepare programs, policies

Mr.Wafulatibitajohn

3824 words - 16 pages quickly. There are many options and an uninitiated manager may not even know where to start. As a guideline, there are broadly seven strategies for motivation. * Positive reinforcement / high expectations * Effective discipline and punishment * Treating people fairly * Satisfying employees needs * Setting work related goals * Restructuring jobs * Base rewards on job performance These are the basic strategies, though the

Motivation 10

1258 words - 6 pages . Topic: Motivation In The 21st Century-----Are People really Motivated? Introduction People get stimulated into achieving certain objectives and goals for self satisfaction, recognition, pleasure, wealth

Hrm Sweetwater U

1893 words - 8 pages was the best work done by him.( p. app1). By competition among secretaries, jealousy and race will reduce the efficiency of staff.The new appraisal system created by experts advised Rob not to relate salary hike with performance appraisal. This idea might be good when the appraisal system is not efficient. But salary hike is a big motivational force behind every employee working for a company. If the secretaries will not get salary hike for

532 – Understanding Professional Supervision Practice (Knowledge Only)

1555 words - 7 pages | | |It is a framework of accountability towards users and the wider community. In this framework decisions are taken by the organization for | | |achieving their objectives. By improving the performance good governance add value. The ethical and effective implementations of core | | |functions are ensured

Performance Issues

1365 words - 6 pages . Motivational problems may come from the workplace, while others occur outside the workplace, but all of them can influence a worker’s performance. A person’s personal life can be the most common motivation problem. It is necessary to separate personal life and work but it is sometimes difficult to do and family affairs may affect performance at the workplace. There is always a need to be able to totally focus on work in order for organizational

Related Papers

Motivation And Team Dyanamics Essay

1845 words - 8 pages MOTIVATION AND TEAM DYANAMICS Introduction Motivation can be defined as a process that starts with a physiological deficiency that activates a push that is aimed at a goal incentive The aim of this essay is to show that how motivation can be an important factor for better performance of employees in a sector (Steininger, 1994). In the first article, the author analyzes the nature of motivational research and the approach adopted by

Motivational Essay

1173 words - 5 pages and teachers. Conclusion Razik and Swanson (2010) have stated that through the effective motivation of individuals an organization can work toward achieving it's goals while promoting job satisfaction. In the school setting it is imperative to not only address the motivational needs of the teachers and staff but also the motivational needs of the students. Staff tend to reflect their motivation within the organization through their

Employee Motivation Essay

923 words - 4 pages motivation is, how does it work, what are the classic motivational theories and techniques, and to use utilize those various techniques for optimum results. As explained above, motivation involves psychological forces that push employees into a desired direction accompanied with the appropriate level of behavior, effort, and persistence. From the definition, one would understand that motivation can work as an integral tool for goal and objective

Employee Communication And Conflict Management Essay

1471 words - 6 pages in the workplace. Because organizations vary in areas of business demands and circumstances, differing motivational theories can be explored upon. While some people motivate through money and incentives of that nature, others are driven by encouragement and praise by their superiors. If management analyzes which theory is most suitable for employees, productivity and high-level team performance will be the ultimate achievement. In a case where