American Psychological Association (APA) Referencing Style Guide
Overview Other materials
Referencing Intellectual honesty and plagiarism About the APA style In-text citation: Referencing sources within the text Reference list Electronic items Referencing secondary sources Different works of the same author and same year
Audio recording Australian Bureau of Statistics (AusStats) Brochure Government report (online) Image on the Internet Lecture (unpublished)/ personal communication Podcast (from the Internet) Thesis Video recording, television broadcast or episode in a series Video (from the Internet) Web page / document on the Internet
Intellectual honesty and plagiarism
Students are referred to the University of Western Sydney Calendar "Misconduct - Student Academic Misconduct Policy" section for basic definitions and University policies relating to intellectual honesty, cheating and plagiarism.
About the APA style
The American Psychological Association (APA) style is a widely used author-date system of referencing or bibliographic citation. This guide covers basic explanations and examples for the most common types of citations used by students. This guide is based on the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (6th edition) which is available at all UWS libraries. If you are unable to find the referencing example you require in this guide, more detailed information and examples can be found in the above publication. Current information can also be obtained via the Internet from the official APA Style website http://www.apastyle.org which includes tutorials, a blog and FAQs. Corrected Sample Papers from the Publication Manual can also be found on the APA website. For further support, please contact UWS library: o Phone 02 98525353 o Email o Online Librarian
In-text citation: Referencing sources within the text
Throughout the text of your paper you need to acknowledge the sources used in your writing. Whenever you present a statement of evidence such as a quote, or when you use someone else's ideas, opinions or theories in your own words (paraphrasing), you must acknowledge your sources. Some examples of how to cite sources within your paper are given below.
If you use the name of the author(s) in your writing, place the year of publication of the work in parentheses after the author’s name.
University of Western Sydney Library
APA Referencing Style Guide
Mullane (2006) conducted research into the effect of… If you refer to a work in the text of your paper, place the author's last name and the year of publication of the work in parentheses at the end of the sentence. The research conclusively proved a correlation between the results (Mullane, 2006). Note: When you summarise the general idea of a source in your own words, you must cite the author and year of publication of the work as shown below. APA does not require you to provide the page number unless you use a direct quote, however if you paraphrase or summarise a specific paragraph or section you should consider including the page number. If you directly quote fewer then 40 words, enclose the quotation by double quotation marks within the text. The year of publication of the work along with the page number(s)* of the quote should be provided in parentheses. Mullane (2006) referred to this correlation as a “statistical anomaly” (p. 118), contributing.... or It was found that the correlation was a “statistical anomaly” (Mullane, 2006, p. 118). * When there are no page numbers, but the sources contains headings or numbered paragraphs, use a section name or paragraph number,...