This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Mughal Monuments In India Essay

4911 words - 20 pages

1.TAJ MAHAL
In 1631, Shah Jahan, emperor during the Mughal empire's period of greatest prosperity, was grief-stricken when his third wife, Mumtaz Mahal, died during the birth of their 14th child, Gauhara Begum.[11] Construction of the Taj Mahal began in 1632.[12] The court chronicles of Shah Jahan's grief illustrate the love story traditionally held as an inspiration for Taj Mahal.[13][14] The principal mausoleum was completed in 1648 and the surrounding buildings and garden were finished five years later.
The Taj Mahal incorporates and expands on design traditions of Persian architecture and earlier Mughal architecture. Specific inspiration came from successful Timurid and Mughal ...view middle of the document...

Here, the inlay work is not pietra dura, but a lapidary of precious and semiprecious gemstones. The inner chamber is an octagon with the design allowing for entry from each face, although only the door facing the garden to the south is used.
The Taj Mahal was built on a parcel of land to the south of the walled city of Agra. Shah Jahan presented Maharajah Jai Singh with a large palace in the center of Agra in exchange for the land. The Taj Mahal attracts between 2 million and 4 million visitors annually, including more than 200,000 from overseas. A dual- pricing system is in place, with a significantly lower entrance fee for Indian citizens than for foreigners. Most tourists visit in the cooler months of October, November and February. Polluting traffic is not allowed near the complex and tourists must either walk from parking lots or catch an electric bus. The Khawasspuras (northern courtyards) are currently being restored for use as a new visitor center.[
2.AGRA FORT
Agra Fort, is a monument, (Urdu: آگرہ قلعہ) is a UNESCO World Heritage site located in Agra, Uttar Pradesh, India. It is about 2.5 km northwest of its more famous sister monument, the Taj Mahal. The fort can be more accurately described as a walled city. After Panipat, Mughals captured the fort and a vast treasure - which included a diamond that was later named as the Koh-i-Noor diamond - was seized. Babur stayed in the fort in the palace of Ibrahim. He built a baoli (step well) in it. Humayun was crowned here in 1530. Humayun was defeated in Bilgram in 1540. Sher Shah held the fort for five years. The Mughals defeated the Afghans finally at Panipat in 1556.
Realizing the importance of its central situation, Akbar made it his capital and arrived in Agra in 1558. His historian, Abdul Fazal, recorded that this was a brick fort known as 'Badalgarh' . It was in a ruined condition and Akbar had it rebuilt with red sandstone from Barauli area in Rajasthan. Architects laid the foundation and it was built with bricks in the inner core with sandstone on external surfaces. Builders worked on it for eight years, completing it in 1573.
It was only during the reign of Akbar's grandson, Shah Jahan, that the site took on its current state. The legend is that Shah Jahan built the beautiful Taj Mahal for his wife, Mumtaz Mahal. Unlike his grandfather, Shah Jahan tended to have buildings made from white marble, often inlaid with gold or semi-precious gems. He destroyed some of the earlier buildings inside the fort in order to make his own.
At the end of his life, Shah Jahan was imprisoned by his son, Aurangzeb, in the fort. It is rumored that Shah Jahan died in Musamman Burj, a tower with a marble balcony with a view of the Taj Mahal.
The fort was the site of a battle during the Indian rebellion of 1857, which caused the end of the British East India Company's rule in India, and led to a century of direct rule of India by Britain.
It was originally a brick fort, held by the Hindu Sikarwar...

Other Essays Like Mughal Monuments in India

Sultanate of Delhi Essay

3491 words - 14 pages invitation to conquer Delhi to Babur, the ruler of Kabul. The first Battle of Panipat (April 1526) was fought between the forces of Babur and the Delhi Sultanate. Ibrahim Lodi was killed on the battleground. By way of superior generalship, vast experience in warfare, effective strategy, and appropriate use of artillery, Babur won the First battle of Panipat and subsequently occupied Agra and Delhi. The new Mughal dynasty was to rule India for another 300 years and with that ended the Sultanate of Delhi. [pic] Size of this preview: 800 × 400 pixels

Personality Essay

2134 words - 9 pages capital to serve as a “window to the West.” (See section “Russians and Empire” in your textbook.) 24. This empire brought together much of Hindu South Asia under Muslim rule. a. The Ottoman Empire b. The Mughal Empire c. The Gupta Empire d. The Safavid Empire FEEDBACK: The Mughal Empire was created by a Muslim conquest of India and placed much of Hindu South Asia under Muslim rule. (See section “Asian Empires” in your textbook

My Mother 3

657 words - 3 pages ancient monuments to adventure holidays, from gentle traditions and customs to rugged landscapes and daunting rivers and valleys. India is paradise – at any time of the year! The land blessed by the gods! Fall in love with India, with its legendary palaces, temples and forts. Savour its spectacular music, dance and folklore. Excite your mind and body with rafting, gliding, trekking and desert safaris. And then calm yourself with yoga. Or go

Indian Revolt of 1857

2712 words - 11 pages . The Meerut sepoys had marched over to the Red Fort in Delhi demanding to see the Mughal Emperor, Bahadur Shah Zafar. According to the sepoys, they were delivering themselves to the order of the man who they considered to be the Emperor of India, and a preferred leader to the alternative of British rule. In many ways, these sepoys had come hoping to be redressed for the unjust way in which the British had treated them, and to claim protection under

Bangladesh Studies

3599 words - 15 pages . (Rennell,1979, as cited in encyclopedia Britannica, n.d.) * During the rule of the emperor Aurangzeb (reigned 1658–1707), the British East India Company was permitted to establish its base at Calcutta (part of the then Bengal). The British gained strength in the region as the Mughal empire weakened. In 1757, following a battle in the town of Palashi between forces led by British soldier Robert Clive and the nawab, Siraj-ud-Doula the East India

The Empire of Good Intention

1260 words - 6 pages cultural differences and the Indian traditions preservation, and the opposing utilitarian ideas that emphasized on the civilizing power of reformation. The conflicting ideologies also described the inconsistency of Britain’s undertaking, which depicted the role of Britain in India as the embodiment of the ancient Mughal rule, or as the role of a reformation. The combination of Victorian conservatism and liberalism of utilitarianism eventually

Maharana Partap

1272 words - 6 pages An Essay on Maharana Pratap Maharana Pratap is important name in the history of Mughal period in India. They loved their country. He tried his best to save the Hindu religion from the cruelty of the Musalmans. Their names shall be remembered with honor as long as there are Hindus and the Hindu Religion. Akbar and Chittor: Rana Pratap was born in the famous and warlike family of shishodia Rajputs. His father Udia Singh was a man of

Aurangabad - Places to Visit

1149 words - 5 pages Aurangabad in India, a popular destination for Medical Tourism that is growing in popularity for Total Knee Replacement & Total Hip Replacement. Inclusive of imported material the cost of surgery is less than 1/10th that of in the US. People from different places in the country and abroad come to Aurangabad to seek advice and treatment from Dr. Santpure Shivkumar, Consultant Joint Replacement Surgeon, at Kamalnayan Bajaj Hospital, Aurangabad

History Cannot Be Made Without Women

5891 words - 24 pages  Smritis(esp. Manusmriti) and with the Islamic invasion of Babur and the Mughal empire and later Christianity curtailing women's freedom and rights.[7] Although reformatory movements such as Jainism allowed women to be admitted to the religious order, by and large, the women in India faced confinement and restrictions.[19] The practice ofchild marriages is believed to have started from around sixth century.[20] Medieval period Krishna at

Taj Mahal 2

581 words - 3 pages TAJ MAHAL Taj Mahal is one the most beautiful and costly tombs in the world. It is situated in Agra, India, on the banks of the Yamuna River. At that time, the city of Agra was also known as Akbarabad. It was built Mughal Emperor shah jahan in the memory of his wife Mumtaz mahal.It is one of the seven wonders of the world. Taj Mahal is part of a 42-acre site laid out in a Persian four part garden plan, or charbagh, meant to represent paradise

Love Is Life

1891 words - 8 pages Delhi is all geared up for the Commonwealth Games. Recently they have been recieving a lot of flack, but just in time, we have risen to the occassion and are in the process of putting up a fabulous extravaganza, showcasing India like never before. We are sure the games will be a great success, as we will all take it in the spirit of sports and let go of our hangups. For immediate updates on the games, visit our news section on the CWG Delhi page

Related Papers

Role Of Media In Today's India

1197 words - 5 pages migration into the subcontinent from the northwest.[26] The caste system, creating a social hierarchy, appeared during this period.[27] In the Deccan, archaeological evidence from this period suggests the existence of a chiefdom stage of political organization.[25] In South India, the large number of megalithic monuments found from this period,[28] and nearby evidence of agriculture, irrigation tanks, and craft traditions suggest progression to

Tourism In India Essay

2562 words - 11 pages . India offers luxury travel to its travellers and tourists. Almost all the cities in India have something to interest tourists. India tourism with its foggy hill stations, captivating beaches, historical monuments, golden deserts, serene backwaters, pilgrimage sites, rich wildlife, and colourful fairs capture the heart of every tourist. In addition, a variety of festivals, lively markets, vibrant lifestyle, and traditional Indian hospitality

Reasons For The Partition Of India

988 words - 4 pages ------------------------------------------------- Reasons for Partition By the end of the 19th century, several nationalist movements had emerged in India. Indian nationalism had expanded as the result of British policies of education and the advances made by the British in India in the fields of transportation and communication. However, British insensitivity to and distance from the people of India and their customs created such

Taj Mahal: An Eternal Love Story

719 words - 3 pages beautiful Mumtaz Mahal. The Taj Mahal goes on to become the Seventh Wonder Of The World. Time passes, and in future Shah Jahan's sons and daughter grow up. The sons are greedy and eager to inherit their father powers, and as a result they imprison him in a room from where he can easily see Taj Mahal. He watches his sons fighting against each other to become the Emperor of India and the Mughal Dynasty. Everywhere around him there is violence and