Mutual Fund Essay

4327 words - 18 pages

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A

RESEARCH PAPER

On

Opportunities in indian market of mutual funds investment

PIONEER

(Since 1996)

Submitted to Submitted By
Prof. Dr. V K Jain Ravendra Kushwaha
Prof. Nidhi Kothari ...view middle of the document...

Anybody with an investible surplus of as little as a few hundred rupees can invest in Mutual Funds. These investors buy units of a particular Mutual Fund scheme that has a defined investment objective and strategy.

The money thus collected is then invested by the fund manager in different types of securities. These could range from shares to debentures to money market instruments, depending upon the scheme’s stated objectives. The income earned through these investments and the capital appreciation realized by the scheme are shared by its unit in proportion to the number of units owned by them. Thus a Mutual Fund is the most suitable investment for the common man as it offers an opportunity to invest in a diversified, professionally managed basket of securities at a relatively low-cost.

Working of the mutual funds

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Conceptual Framework

Mutual fund is a trust that pools money from a group of investors (sharing common financial goals) and invest the money thus collected into asset classes that match the stated investment objectives of the scheme. Since the stated investment objectives of a mutual fund scheme generally forms the basis for an investor's decision to contribute money to the pool, a mutual fund can not deviate from its stated objectives at any point of time.

Every Mutual Fund is managed by a fund manager, who using his investment management skills and necessary research works ensures much better return than what an investor can manage on his own. The capital appreciation and other incomes earned from these investments are passed on to the investors (also known as unit holders) in proportion of the number of units they own.

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Difining variabls

Net Asset Value (NAV)

Net Asset Value is the market value of the assets of the scheme minus its liabilities. The per unit NAV is the net asset value of the scheme divided by the number of units outstanding on the valuation date.

Sale Price
Is the price you pay when you invest in a scheme. Also called Offer Price. It may include a sales load.

Repurchase Price

Is the price at which units under open-ended schemes are repurchased by the Mutual Fund. Such prices are NAV related.

Redemption Price

Is the price at which close-ended schemes redeem their units on maturity. Such prices are NAV related.

Sales Load

Is a charge collected by a scheme when it sells the units. Also called, ‘Front-end’ load. Schemes that do not charge a load are called ‘No Load’ schemes.

Repurchase or ‘Back-end ‘Load

Is a charge collected by a scheme when it buys back the units from the unit holders.

Asset:

Item of value. In this module, asset refers to financial assets, such as stocks and bonds.
Asset class:

A category of financial asset, such as stocks, bonds or real estate.

Balanced fund:

A mutual fund that...

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