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Nation Of Islam Essay

1145 words - 5 pages

Nation of Islam

They were leaders that led their people the path of a new divine culture and civilization of peace, and the knowledge of God. These Nation of Islam leaders, Eljiah Muhammad, Louis Farrakhan and Malcolm X, fought for their beliefs and rights for years. These men changed history and the lives of many black people.

1. White, Vibert L., Jr. Inside the Nation of Islam :A historical and Personal Testimony By a Black Muslim. Gainesville, FL.: University Press of Florida, 2001.
2. Curtis, Edward E. Black Muslim Religion in the Nation of Islam, 1960-1975. Chapel Hill, NC.: University of North Carolina Press, 2006.
3. Ogbar, Jeffrey Ogbonna Green. Black Power: Radical ...view middle of the document...

13. Terrill, Robert. The Cambridge Companion to Malcolm X: . Cambridge, NY.: Cambridge University Press, 2010.
14. Curtis, Edward E. Islam in Black America: Identity, Liberation, and Difference in African-American Islamic Thought. Albany.: State University of New York Press, 2002.
15. Baldwin, Lewis V., and Amiri YaSin Al-Hadid. Between Cross and Crescent: Christian and Muslim Perspectives On Malcolm and Martin. Gainesville.: University Press of Florida, 2002.

1. West, C. S'thembile. 2007. "Black Muslim Religion in the Nation of Islam, 1960-1975." Journal Of The American Academy Of Religion 75, no. 3: 739-742. Book Review Digest Plus (H.W. Wilson), EBSCOhost.

1. Fanusie, Fatimah Abdul-Tawwab. "Fard Muhammad in Historical Context: An Islamic Thread in the American Religious and Cultural Quilt."Howard University, 2008, http://search.proquest.com/docview/89133796?accountid=14172.
2. DeCaro,Louis Anthony,,Jr. "Malcolm X and the Nation of Islam: Two Moments in His Religious Sojourn."New York University, 1994 http://search.proquest.com/docview/304129238?accountid=14172.

1. Curtis, Edward E., IV. “Islamizing the Black Body: Ritual and Power in Elijah Muhammad's Nation of Islam.” Religion and American Culture: A Journal of Interpretation. Vol. 12, No. 2 (2002):167-196.
2. Lee, Spike and Henry Louis Gates. “Generation X.” Transition. No. 56 (1992):176-190.
3. Skerry, Peter. “America's Other Muslims.” The Wilson Quarterly. Vol. 29, No. 4 (2005):16-27.

4. Harper, Frederick D. “The Influence of Malcolm X on Black Militancy.” Journal of Black v Studies. Vol. 1, No. 4 (Jun, 1971): 387-402.
5. McAlister, Melani. “One Black Allah: The Middle East in the Cultural Politics of African American Liberation, 1955-1970.” American Quarterly. Volume 51, Number 3 (Sept 1999): 622-656.

6. Bornstein, George. “Malcolm X: A Life of Reinvention” Modernism/Modernity. Volume 18, Number 3, (Sept 2011):663-665.

7. Mamiya, Lawrence H. “From Black Muslim to Bilalian: The Evolution of a Movement” Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion, Vol. 21, No. 2 (Jun., 1982):138-152.
8. Jones, Oliver, Jr. “The Black Muslim Movement and the American Constitutional System.” Journal of Black Studies, Vol. 13, No. 4 (Jun., 1983): 417-437.
9. Chande, Abdin. “Islam in the African American Community: Negotiating between Black Nationalism and Historical Islam” Islamic Studies, Vol. 47, No. 2 (2008):221-241.


1. Tsoukalas, Steven. The...

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