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Nature Nurture Essay

1660 words - 7 pages

Birth and Infancy (0-3)
Physical development
Birth to 3 months- Tulisa would have learnt how to control her muscles and movements. . Motor control develops from the head, moves down through the arms and the trunk and then to the legs and feet. From 3 to 6 months Tulisa would have continued with motor movement and would have kicked her legs when she was lying on her belly or back. Tulisa motor skills would have continued to develop and they can begin to explore the world around her 6 to 12 months Tulisa would have been coming up to her first birthday, at 6 months of age, the Tulisa might have been sitting up without any support. Tulisa would have started to stand up round 7 months with ...view middle of the document...

Intellectual development
From 0-3 months Tulisa would have stated to learn about people, place and things such as toys through action. Tulisa would have been making noises when she was spoken to. At nine months Tulisa would have practised making sounds, repeating words like mum-mum dad-dad. When Tulisa was 12 months she would have known her own name and understood several words. By 15 months Tulisa was able to understand simple commands such as ‘come here’. She would have also been able to understand more words and Tulisa would have learnt how to say a few more. At 18 months Tulisa could have started to join in with nursery rhymes and she would have tried to put a few words together to make a simple sentence. By 2 to 3 years Tulisa would have understood many words and have learnt how to carry on a simple conversation with adults when Tulisa was 3. As a child develops, the synapses become more complex, like a tree with more branches and limbs growing. During the first 3 years of life, the number of neurons stays the same and the number of synapses increases. After age 3, the creation of synapses slows until about age 10.
Between birth and age 3, the brain creates more synapses than it needs. The synapses that are used a lot become a permanent part of the brain. The synapses that are not used frequently are eliminated. This is where experience plays an important role in wiring a young child's brain. Because we want children to succeed, we need to provide many positive social and learning opportunities so that the synapses associated with these experiences become permanent.
How the social and physical environments respond to infants and toddlers plays a big part in the creation of synapses. The child's experiences are the stimulation that sparks the activity between axons and dendrites and creates synapses. Infants and toddlers learn about themselves and their world during interactions with others. Brain connections that lead to later success grow out of nurturing, supportive and predictable care. Young children need safety, love, conversation and a stimulating environment to develop and keep important synapses in the brain.
Emotional development
When Tulisa was a baby she would have little control over her body and only have simple emotion. As Tulisa got older she would develop range of emotion. By 6 months Tulisa may have begun to be shy round strangers. When Tulisa was 2 years she may have not been able to control her emotions and she might have often have tantrums but by three years Tulisa would have had better control over her emotions. Babies Tulisa are born with amazing abilities. They come into the world primed to learn copy, communicate and love. But his emotional growth depends upon continuous interactions between his unique emotional makeup and his life experiences. The young child is dependent on adults for physical survival, emotional security, safe base for learning, regulating, modeling and mentoring social behavior....

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