Nature Of Imperialism Essay

893 words - 4 pages

Explain the Nature and Impact of Imperialism in the 19th CenturyImperialism in the 19th and 20th Centuries was aggressive in its nature and both positive and negative impacts on the colonized nations. Imperialism is defined as a policy of extending a country's power and influence through diplomacy or military force. The New imperialism movement was the surge of European powers, including mainly England, France, Belgium, and Germany along with the USA, colonial expansion in the 19th and 20th Century, lasting from the French conquest of Algeria to the beginning of World War 1, During this time, countries focused on building their empire with new technological advances and developments, making ...view middle of the document...

Indian seamstresses were replaced by new spinning and weaving machines and Indian food crops were replaced by cash crops like cotton and tea causing widespread famines. The British also brought irrigation, railways and education to the people of India. John Robert Seeley a Cambridge Professor of History said "Our acquisition of India was made blindly.". Britain's conquest of India shows how European Imperialism was selfish and aggressive in its nature and how the effect on the native peoples can be both beneficial and harmful.Another example of European Imperialism in the 19th Century, was the Belgium colonization of the Congo which occurred when Henry Morton Stanley was chosen to explore and colonize the Congo River basin area of Africa, the hope of this expedition was to capitalize or make a large profit on the rich resources such as ivory, rubber, diamonds, and metals. Stanley managed overpowered and made treaties with over 450 native tribes, acquiring land accounting for 67 times the size of Belgium. In order to best capitalize on these materials several decrees were pasted which would force native people to supply the Belgium people with Ivory and Rubber without any form of compensation. It was ruthless to the point where their wives and children were held hostage until the workers returned with enough rubber or ivory to fill their quota if the quota was not met villages were burnt down and their families slain. Natives revolted by running into the forests to hide or setting the rubber...

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