This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Need Hierarchy Theory For Job Satisfaction

1476 words - 6 pages

Need Hierarchy Theory for Job Satisfaction

One of the most widely mentioned theories of motivation is the hierarchy of needs theory put forth by psychologist Abraham Maslow. Maslow saw human needs in the form of a hierarchy, ascending from the lowest to the highest, and he concluded that when one set of needs is satisfied, this kind of need ceases to be a motivator. As per his theory these needs are:

• Physiological needs
These are important needs for sustaining the human life. Food, water, warmth, shelter, sleep, medicine and education are the basic physiological needs which fall in the primary list of need satisfaction. Maslow was of an opinion that until these needs were satisfied ...view middle of the document...

From the standpoint of motivation, the theory would say that although no need is ever fully gratified, a substantially satisfied need no longer motivates. So if someone wants to motivate other one, need to understand what level of the hierarchy that person is on and focus on satisfying those needs or needs above that level. Maslow’s need theory has received wide recognition, particularly among practicing managers. This can be attributed to the theory’s intuitive logic and ease of understanding.

Factors Affecting Job Satisfaction

There are 6 main factors influencing on Job Satisfaction clustered as physical, psychological and environmental factors as below:

Psychological Factors and Job Satisfaction
• Health and Safety
Managing safe and healthy work environments is one of the most important environmental challenges facing organizations. Good health and safety brings more benefits that are healthy workers are more productive and can produce at a higher quality. According to Maslow’s‟ Hierarchy, physiological needs are the first stage in job satisfaction whereas long are the work place is healthy and safe, it will create a pleasant and secure impression in employee’s mind towards work.

• Job Nature
The main source of satisfaction is, of course, job itself. Researches, dedicated to job characteristics and carried out in correlation with working place projecting, testify that the very content of work and autonomy by its implementation represent two most important motivation factors correlated with labor. As research indicated, other main components of job satisfaction are interesting and difficult job without time for tedium and job giving a man one certain status.
Dealing with a workload that is far too heavy and deadlines that are impossible to reach can cause job satisfaction to erode for even the most dedicated employee. Falling short of deadlines results in conflict between employees and supervisors and raises the stress level of the workplace.

• Job Security
Job security is the assurance that a particular employee will have their job in long term due to the low probability of losing it potentially. Positive job security nature also adds more value to the image and the reputation of an organization as job offered has the guaranteed security and reliable. Also, job security has a great influence in increasing job satisfaction of its employees where once the employee is confident about not losing the job, it will create no mental stress where the employee has its own freedom to fully concentrate on the work they perform. „

An employee with a high level of job security will often performs and concentrates better than an employee who is in constant fear of losing a job. Although this fear can increase motivation in certain situations, a lack of job security can be a source of distraction and result in excess stress and low morale that hinders an employee's overall performance.
(Thornton, ND).

• Job promotion
Companies...

Other Essays Like Need Hierarchy Theory for Job Satisfaction

Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs Essay

684 words - 3 pages and to reward them for successes”(Lucas,12). Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs is not so much a technique or process to use as an idea to have in mind when you're thinking about how you meet an employee’s or student’s needs. Maslow's theory is important for two reasons: Firstly it points out that people's needs are not just met by money. People have many needs which have to be met, and while people may be very well paid, they can still be

Motivation Theory Essay

1039 words - 5 pages advancement. Achieved through job enlargement, enrichment and empowerment. * Hygiene factors: job dissatisfaction resulted from five main factors - company policy and administration, supervision, salary, relationships with others and working conditions. Results of Herzberg’s Theory: * Pay and working conditions will help remove dissatisfaction; but they will not, on their own, provide conditions for motivation to exist. * Motivators need

Motivational Theories

2543 words - 11 pages organization. Several theorists, including Abraham Maslow, Frederick Herzberg, David McClelland, and Clayton Alderfer, have provided theories to help explain needs as a source of motivation. 2.1 Maslow’s-Hierarchy of Needs Theory: Abraham Maslow defined need as a physiological or psychological deficiency that a person feels the compulsion to satisfy. He proposed the hierarchy of needs theory based on the assumption that people are motivated by a series

Motivation

1217 words - 5 pages ABRAHAM MASLOW’S HIERARCHY OF NEEDS According to this theory, individual strives to seek a higher need when lower needs are fulfilled. Once a lower-level need is satisfied, it no longer serves as a source of motivation. Needs are motivators only when they are unsatisfied. In the first level, physiological needs exist which include the most basic needs for humans to survive, such as air, water and food. In the second level, safety needs exist

Creating a Plan for a Positive Influence

1160 words - 5 pages create conditions for others to self-motivate. According to Maslow’s theory of motivation, there’re five levels hierarchy to get motivated (Net MBA, 2007): • Self-Actualization: creativity, commitment, challenges, joy of accomplishment. • Self-Esteem: skills and talents, self- confidence, appreciation of recognition from others. • Social needs: joy of working in group, interact and communicate with others. • Need for security: job security

Human Motivation in the Work Organization

4328 words - 18 pages better results in productivity and job satisfaction, as it motivates the subordinates to achieve job objectives. Several points need be made clear here. First, Theory Y is not permissive! In fact, it is even sterner than Theory X because it has to achieve what Theory X achieved, and then do a good deal more. Secondly, while leadership style and management practice influences employee motivation, the latter also influences the former. Thirdly

Organization

2097 words - 9 pages motivation theory applied within work place. Maslow’s hierarchy of needs and Alderfer’s modified need hierarchy mode is talking about the need of people, managers can motivate different person through understand the needs of different person. McGregor’s theory is talking about two types of people. For the theory X, managers use salary, bonus and high discipline to manage them. For the theory Y, managers can motivate them through give them

Employee Communication and Conflict Management

1471 words - 6 pages motivators to obtain other needs. Self-actualization is the ultimate need. However, this level of achievement is not reachable until esteem and social needs are reached. Fredrick Herzberg’s Theory The two-factor theory by Frederick Herzberg, explains the sources of job satisfaction and job dissatisfaction as the two-factor theory. Motivation factors are cause of job satisfaction in several instances. Some factors include things like

Motivational Theories

1485 words - 6 pages , a person doesn’t have to take steps to get to the next level. With Alderfer’s theory, a person can be active in all three levels simultaneously. His theory actually states that if a person goes from one to two, two to three, satisfaction, this person has made progression. And if they go from three to two, two to one, then this person is in the state of frustration, regression. McClelland’s Need Theory Need for affiliation- desire to

Motivational Methods

1288 words - 6 pages and are divided into higher order and lower order. Maslow's theory can help managers to identify the needs of professional workers and contingent workers. A satisfied need is not a motivator. The most powerful employee need is the one that has not been satisfied. According to Maslow's theory, unsatisfied needs are the prime motivators of behaviors, and needs at the lowest levels of the hierarchy take precedence over the needs at higher levels. At

Essay On Theories Behind And Motivation Techniques, Including The Herzberg Theory, Etc As Applied To An Organization. Word Count: 1805

1926 words - 8 pages in certain job functions are influenced by these three needs (McClelland, p.4). McClelland's theory sometimes is referred to, as the three need theory.People with a high need for achievement (nAch) seek to excel and possess the desire or drive to excel in whatever one does. It is the inner urge to do things better and better, or more and more efficiently than before; to strive constantly, to achieve self-set standards. (Schermerhorn, p. 112

Related Papers

Job Satisfaction Essay

2363 words - 10 pages , unfriendly, and unwilling to communicate will naturally receive negative feedback and very low job satisfaction from their subordinate’s in the workplace. Theories of Job Satisfaction There are numerous theories attempting to explain job satisfaction, but three conceptual frameworks seem to be more prominent. The first is content theory, which suggests that job satisfaction occurs when one’s need for growth and self-actualization are met by

Motivational Theories Essay

2666 words - 11 pages , dissatisfaction. 6. Hygiene needs are cyclical in nature and come back to a starting point. This leads to the "What have you done for me lately?" syndrome. 7. Hygiene needs have an escalating zero point and no final answer. Alderfer's ERG theory Alderfer, expanding on Maslow's hierarchy of needs, created the ERG theory. This theory posits that there are three groups of core need — existence, relatedness, and growth, hence

A Survey On Employee Motivation And Job Satisfaction In

1092 words - 5 pages satisfaction to reach their terminal value. For your kind information all the employee in RAMS Housing Ltd are male, there is no female employee. 2. Over-All response of every question 3. Questionnaire respect of Job design theory Autonomy 1. The chance to work by myself 2. The freedom to use my own Judgment Feedback 1. My supervisor provide reward for good work 2. The way I get full credit for the work I do Job identity 1

Motivation Essay

1461 words - 6 pages Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs Theory and Herzberg’s Two Factor Theory One of the most important and challenging tasks a manager has is motivating and rewarding employees. What may motivate one employee personally may have no effect whatsoever on other employees. Managers who want their employees to be as productive as possible need to first understand what motivation is and know how and why employees are motivated