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Nelson Mandela Essay

675 words - 3 pages

Nelson Mandela was known as a great activist, leader of a nation, and an all-around great man. Nelson Mandela was a man of many risks that led him to overcome lots of hurdles and impacts millions of lives. Not only did he impact lives of those in his nation, but those around the entire world. Nelson mandela was born july 18, 1918. He was born into the royal Thembu tribe in the Mvezo village in South Africa. Nelson Mandela’s father, Gadla Henry Mphakanyiswa was the chief and his mother was the third of four wives his father had. Nelson Mandela’s father died when he was only 9 and he was adopted by a high ranking Thembu regent named Jongintaba Dalindyebo. Dalindyebo planned on training Rolihlahla (Nelson Mandela’s birth given name), to be the next leader of their tribe.
He went on to become the first member of his family to receive a formal education. At school everyone received an English name, where Rolihlahla was named Nelson. In 1939, he ...view middle of the document...

Not only did he co-establish the youth league but he also married his first wife, Evelyn Ntoko Mase.
Nelson got more and more involved in the African National Congress over the years and led their Campaign for the Defiance of Unjust Laws in 1952. With that campaign they traveled around the country organizing protests against discriminatory policies. They also promoted the Freedom Charter that was later ratified in 1955. Oliver Tambo, the guy he co-established the youth league, with became his business partner and they started the first black law firm in South Africa. The law firm provided low cost legal services, and even free, to those who were affected by the apartheid legislation. Nelson Mandela continued to work the African National Congress as time progressed and became one of the top leaders of the organization. Fighting for rights came along with sacrifices such as jail time and being away from family to help others. In 1956, Nelson Mandela and 155 other activists were arrested for treason and put on trial. All of the activists were acquitted in 1961, but tensions in the African National Congress(ANC), caused a split of some members to start the Pan Africanist Congress(PAC).
A year later, fire was opened on a peaceful protest which caused riots across the country which led to the government banning both the ANC and PAC. The members of both organizations had to hide and make sure they weren’t seen so Nelson Mandela decided to start another organization in 1961 called the Sizwe which also meant the Spear of the Nation. According to History.com, “Under Mandela’s leadership, MK launched a sabotage campaign against the government, which had recently declared South Africa a republic and withdrawn from the British Commonwealth.” Due to Mandela’s resistance to the government he was imprisoned. Mandela was viewed as being radical. Mandela had to severe a three decade sentence. After Mandela’s release from jail, he won the Nobel Peace Prize. He then became President of South Africa on April 26, 1994. He later retired in 1999 from politics and then became an advocate for AIDS. After an extraordinary life he died on December 5, 2013.

Works Cited

http://www.history.com/topics/nelson-mandela

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