Neurodevelopmental and Neurocognitive Disorders Paper
Marice Lynnette Jones
The brain is a magnificent organ within the human body. The brain controls everything from our movement, involuntary functions, thoughts and emotions. Due to its fragile nature, the brain is protected very well by thick layer of membrane called dura mater and encased by a skull (Butcher, 2014). The main focus for this paper is to describe one neurodevelopmental disorder and one neurocognitive disorder. The behavioral criteria for each disorder will be discussed along with incidence rates and their causes. Options for treatment based on two different theoretical models will as ...view middle of the document...
Children have difficulty with attention and listening. A common behavior of losing things and being easily distracted is sign of the disorder as well. Physicians often treat this disorder with medication such as steroids.
The first medications physicians typically prescribe are stimulants such as Ritalin, Adderall and Vyvanse. Stimulants prescribed for children ages 3 and under include: Dexedrine, Dextrostat and ProCentra (oral solution). Adderall XR is prescribed for children ages 6 and up. Non stimulant medication such as Strattera, Intuniv and Kapvay are used as an alternative for treating ADHD. The National Institute of Mental Health states that no single treatment is best for all children and to consider the child's needs as well as personal and medical history.
Neurocognitive disorders affect memory, language, perception and social cognition. Evidence of such disorder appears in the decline ability to perform cognitive functions. These cognitive defects infer with everyday activities. There are 50 different disorders that...