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Ngo Dinh Diem Essay

530 words - 3 pages

Question: 'Ngo Dinh Diem's rule was authoritarian, corrupt and repressive, which alienated his people.' In light of this statement, assess the role played by Ngo Dinh Diem in the political and social development of Vietnam to 1963.Ngo Dinh Diem's role in the political and social development of Vietnam to 1963 was significant as a 'backwards step' for Vietnam. His 'authoritarian, corrupt and repressive' rule whilst in power from 1956 to 1963 prevented the reunification of Vietnam and hindered any possibility for political advancements. Ngo Dinh Diem was an oppressive ruler whose tyrannical government 'alienated his people' and destroyed political and social development in Vietnam until his death in 1963.Ngo Dinh Diem prevented the reunification of Vietnam ...view middle of the document...

He then established the Republic of Vietnam or South Vietnam, under what was essentially a dictatorship with him as the president. By preventing the reunification of Vietnam, he sustained the segregation of North and South Vietnam which hindered advancement in political development.Diem's biased and ineffective government was a backwards step for political and social development in Vietnam. Under his regime, Diem's rulings were all to consolidate his power. He gave favouritism to his immediate family, assigning positions of power to his brothers. His brother Ngo Dinh Nhu was appointed head of Police and acted as a 'secret police,' spying on those conspiring against Diem. In addition to this, it was well known that Nhu profited from drug trafficking in Vietnam. Diem also made many ineffective and inefficient rulings such as in his attempt at land reforming. He gave land to already wealthy landlords by taking away land given to the peasants by the Viet Minh and removed rural villagers from their ancestral homes to controlled settlements to suppress communist activity. Diem's moves only served to frustrate and anger the Vietnamese majority. With Vietnam under a dictatorship, political advancement was impossible, particularly with Diem's inefficient and corrupt ruling which was damning to political and social development in Vietnam.Under Ngo Dinh Diem's autocratic rule, Vietnam's political and social developments were hindered up to 1963. Through preventing the reunification of Vietnam and imposing his dictatorship on the Vietnamese majority, Vietnam's advancements socially and politically were made impossible. Diem played a significant role as a tyrannical influence in Vietnam as he contributed little in the development of Vietnam and only served to burden it.

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