Nigerian Education Policies: Probleds And Prospects

3755 words - 16 pages

When the issue of Nigeria educational system
today is raised, the first sets of thoughts that
comes to mind are: decline in standard,
deterioration of facilities, examination malpractices,
mass promotion syndrome and the like before any
other thing else. This calls for an in-depth study
and analysis aimed at tutoring each and every
stakeholders in the education system on how their
actions and inactions have individually and
collectively contributed to the collapsing state of
education in Nigeria. In any case, knowledge and
skill acquisition which education is all about
cannot be over emphasized. According to the
World Bank (1999: 25), “successful development
entails more than ...view middle of the document...

Response however, will be its militating
factors stemming from the incidence of
examination malpractice – poor facilities –
indiscriminate mass promotion syndrome in
schools. The causes of these could be traced to
(i) Government insensitivity to education needs
(ii) Government and private institutions open
encouragement of low productivity and (iii) the
lack of the spirit of hard-work among growing
number of students. Attempts will be made in
this paper to examine the aforementioned
problems and mitigations suggested.
© Kamla-Raj 2007 J. Soc. Sci., 14(1): 81-86 (2007)
Educational System in Nigeria Problems and Prospects
L. O. Odia1 and S.I Omofonmwan 2
1. Universal Welfare Sustainable Community Development Center,
Benin City, Nigeria
2. Department of Geography and Planning, Ambrose Alli University,
Ekpoma, Nigeria
E-mail: or
KEYWORDS Education; problems; prospects; standards; research and development
ABSTRACT This paper examines the problems and prospects of education in Nigeria. Education is the bedrock of
development. But unfortunately Education in Nigeria is bisected with myriad’s of problems. These includes; poor
funding and thus poor educational infrastructures, inadequate classrooms, teaching aids (projectors, Computers,
Laboratories and libraries), paucity of quality teachers and poor / polluted learning environment. In addition to these
inadequacies, our school system is plagued with numerous social vices such as examination malpractices, cultism,
hooliganism and corruption. For meaningful development to take place in the educational sector; the government
need to re-address the issue of funding. Private educational investors, teachers! Parents/guidance and students/pupils
need a reorientation towards achieving the goals of education. Also education must be made affordable for all and
sundry. The current monolistic approach to knowledge acquisition must be changed. Technical education and innovation/
adaptation centers must be encouraged and well funded, if this nation must move out of this present technological and
scientific dependence. Government and the organized private sector must as well fund research programmes, inventions
and mass production of invented products.
Poor Preparation and Malpractices
Experts in the education sector has been able
to identify examination malpractices with poor
preparation of students for an examination, and
lack of self confidence. In view of the rising costs
of education (school fees, enrolment fees, cost
of books and other materials) students and even
their parents will not ordinarily want to be held
back by any form of deficit or failure in any of the
required subjects, hence will go to any length to
ensure success.
In some cases, some teachers at the
secondary school level are involved by way of
encouraging students to contribute money
(cooperation fees) in order to secure the needed...

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