Non-Nuclear Proliferation with Global Mediators
The Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons, or commonly known as the Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT), is an international treaty with the objective to prevent the spread of nuclear weapons and weapons technology, to promote cooperation in the peaceful uses of nuclear energy and to further the goal of achieving nuclear disarmament. The goal of this paper is to stress the importance of non-nuclear proliferation through the use of a global mediator, the UNSC (used as P5 in this essay), and examine a case study for Iran, in order to prove that there should only be a select few to set the ...view middle of the document...
The international community has agreed to report on their progress concerning the NPT to the 2014 NPT Preparatory Committee and then to the 2015 Review Conference. According to Acheson, the purpose of the 2015 Review Conference is to “take stock and consider the next steps for the full implementation of Article VI”, and consider pursuing negotiations on nuclear disarmament in good faith. The rhetoric of the NPT is weak and undermining nuclear disarmament. Telling nuclear and non-nuclear states alike to consider pursuing negotiations in good faith are weak commitments. These weak commitments make states reluctant to agree to deal with non-proliferation challenges. Non-proliferation promotes international stability, peace and higher levels of security. Commitments through NPT rhetoric need to be ambitious and stern, but only with the support from a global mediator, the P5.
P5, or commonly known as UNSC, are global mediators supporting non-nuclear proliferation. The countries that make of P5 are the United States, Russia, France, China, and the United Kingdom (UK). Current nuclear issues, government positions, tactics, international relations views to management, fairness, global peace and security can be found in the process that led to the creation of Article VI and the NPT. All states are willing to abide by the rules, but non-nuclear states argue that the P5 are hypocritical about nuclear disarmament. For example, at the end of 2009, there were approximately 23,360 nuclear weapons in the world held by China, France, Russia, the United States, and the UK. Also, the United States and Russia possess 96% of this global nuclear arsenal. It has been said on numerous occasions that the P5 intend to modernize their nuclear weapons and related infrastructure. The P5 modernizing their nuclear technology is nothing short of a positive idea. The P5 need to set the stage for positive nuclear proliferation and the P5 can choose candidates through a specific set of criteria, which I will get to later in my essay.
The P5 is charged with the maintenance of international peace and security and its powers include the establishment of peacekeeping operations, the establishment of international sanctions, and the authorization of military action. The countries that make up P5 are seen as legitimate players in the international community because they uphold respect for human rights and abide by the rule-of-law. The P5 have nuclear weapons and technology, but due to their democratic nature, they are needed because they are not states that engage in nuclear activities which undermine the NPT treaty.
Other states have engaged in activities that undermine the NPT treaty, such as sharing nuclear technology, supplying nuclear technology to non-nuclear states, conducting tests, and modernizing nuclear weapons. These states are not abiding by the rules set in the NPT treaty. Therefore, the P5 will be needed in order to mediate and control states pursuing nuclear...