Nuclear Energy in France and Japan
Since Albert Einstein found his most famous work: mass-energy equivalence (E=MC2), nuclear energy is a highly controversial topic all the time. A nuclear plant is more environmentally friendly than a fossil fuel power plant. Moreover, the main resource, the uranium, supply will last for three-thousand years. Despite these advantages of nuclear plants, many people believe nuclear power plants are too risky because of nuclear radiation. I would like to analyze the nuclear plant through two countries: France and Japan.
France is the most generous country concerning nuclear power. According to the World Nuclear Association (WNA), seventy-seven percent ...view middle of the document...
Before Fukushima Daiichi accident, around thirty percent of total electricity produced by nuclear. According to the 2014 annual report from Nuclear Energy Agency (NEA), Japan has forty-eight operational reactors, which is the third in the world. However, Japan generates only 1.7 percent of the electricity by nuclear plants in 2014. In addition, the anti-nuclear movement has become more widespread.
Historically, Japan has a ‘nuclear allergy’. Japan is the only country in the world to have suffered from atomic bombings, and there are many small and big accidents related by the nuclear energy – especially, radiation. Despite of the risk of radiation, Japan continued to focus on nuclear power because of a lack of energy source until 2011. After Fukushima Daiichi nuclear plant accident in 2011, Japanese government stop generating electricity by nuclear plants.
Economically, resource-poor Japan has to import energy sources; therefore, the trade balance has been in the red every year since June 2012. Taro Saito, director of economic research at the NLI Research Institute in Tokyo, estimated that Japan spent ten trillion yen to import energy resources: mainly oil and natural gas. It is a serious economic loss.
A nuclear power policy in France and Japan was definitely...