One thing to point out before I start is that ANY form of power generating source, has a negative impact on the environment. But I'll go to nuclear power first, and then I'll do a brief one on the other form just for additional information.
Nuclear power station
the disadvantages are namely:
- an isolated location (i.e. suitable location);
that is far enough with at least a 5km buffer zone from the nearest human settlement.
- the inherent risk of a nuclear melt-down accident;
the melt-down of the reactor core due to the temperature exceeding its MCOT (Maximum Core Operating Temperature), resulting in an uncontrolled explosion.
- storage of ...view middle of the document...
- overall cost for the consumer is lower, as the lack of additional environmental equipment and maintenance is passed to the consumers in the form of savings, hence driving down utility bills by at least 0.4% (might not seem a lot, until you do the calculation for a whole year's worth of usage).
The United States has the most experience in operating nuclear power plants for decades, not only in the form of civil nuclear power plants but also in the form of military power plants like those found aboard its submarines and aircraft carriers.
Safety is a paramount importance and the technologies in place are the best in the world, and even more efficient innovations and equipment are being applied currently on a daily basis. The actual possibility of a catastrophic accident is in the range of 0.0001 for every 280 years of operation.
Now, to other forms of cleaner power generating sources:
1) Wind farms;
Utilizes the wind currents to generate electricity, the cons are:
- less than 12% of the locations on Earth are deemed suitable for wind farms, making it expensive to invest in initially,
- disruptive to the wildlife, both resident and migratory (especially seasonal birds passing through). Of the 12% of the locations mentioned earlier, 8% of those are right along the migratory paths of these birds.
- Wind farm are also extremely noisy, especially in huge numbers, and can only operate in a limited range of wind speeds. Plus the size of the farm itself means that both human and nature inhabitants need to be relocated.
2) Tidal farms;
Utilizes the movement of ocean or large uninhibited bodies of water to...